Alexander Mikhailovich Romanov of Russia, Grand Duke of Russia

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Alexander Mikhailovich Romanov of Russia (Romanov Holstein-Gottorp), Grand Duke of Russia

Russian: Великий Князь Александр Михайлович Романов, Grand Duke of Russia
Also Known As: "Сандро"
Birthplace: Tbilisi, Didi digomi, Tbilisi, Georgia
Death: February 26, 1933 (66)
Roquebrune-sur-Argens, Var, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Place of Burial: Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, Departement des Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Grandduke Mikhail Nikolaevich Romanov of Russia and Princess Cäcilie Auguste von Baden, Grand Duchess of Russia
Husband of Grand Duchess of Russia Xenia Alexandrovna Romanov
Father of Princess Irina Alexandrovna Romanov; Grand Duke Andrei Alexandrovich Romanov; Prince Feodor Alexandrovich of Russia; Prince Nikita Alexandrovich Romanov; Grand duke Dimitri Alexandrovich Romanov and 2 others
Brother of Grand Duke Nikolai Mikhailovich of Russia; Anastasia Romanova, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; Mikhail Mikhailovich Romanov of Russia, Grand Duke of Russia; Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia; Sergei Mikhailovich Romanov of Russia, Grand duke of Russia and 1 other

Occupation: Grand Duke of Russia, Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Alexander Mikhailovich Romanov of Russia, Grand Duke of Russia

Wikipedia:' English, Русский

Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia was a dynast of the Russian Empire, a naval officer, an author, explorer, the brother-in-law of Emperor Nicholas II and advisor to him.

Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia was a dynast of the Russian Empire, a naval officer, an author, explorer, the brother-in-law of Emperor Nicholas II and advisor to him.

Alexander was born in Tbilisi, in the Tiflis Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Georgia). He was the son of Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia, the youngest son of Nicholas I of Russia, and Grand Duchess Olga Feodorovna (Cecily of Baden). He was mostly known as "Sandro".

He was a naval officer. In his youth, he made a good-will visit to the Japanese Empire on behalf of the Russian Empire and another to the Brazilian Empire. He married his first cousin's daughter, Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna, the eldest daughter of Alexander III on 6 August [O.S. 25 July] 1894. He was a brother-in-law and a close advisor of Tsar Nicholas II.

Before the revolution, the Grand Duke liked to spend his vacation in France, particularly Biarritz and the Côte d'Azur, where his older brother, Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia had financed in 1908 the construction of the Hôtel Carlton, in Cannes.

His impact on Nicholas has been both criticized and appreciated. His memoirs document that he openly challenged the Tsaritsa Alexandra's political influence on her husband but wished that Nicholas had used troops to resist the revolution. He also admitted that he had been brought up to share the anti-Semitic views that he claimed were prevalent in Russia prior to the revolution. His appeal to Nicholas, as his children approached adulthood, to relax the requirement for equal marriage for Romanov dynasts was rejected, and all seven of his children married titled but non-royal Russian aristocrats, but only his daughter obtained permission of Nicholas to do so. When Sandro's eldest son, Andrei Aleksandrovich, married at Yalta in the Crimea in 1918, Nicholas, who had abdicated on 15 March 1917, was a prisoner at Yekaterinburg with his family. They would be executed by the Bolsheviks a few days later.

Alexander left the Crimea with his eldest son, Prince Andrei Alexandrovich, and his son's new bride, Elisabetta Ruffo Di Saint Antimo, who was pregnant, in December 1918. His wife and mother-in-law, Empress-Dowager Maria Fyodorovna and his sons as well as other Romanovs, were rescued from the Crimea by the British battleship HMS Marlborough in 1919.

Alexander lived in Paris and wrote his memoirs. Once a Grand Duke (Farrar & Rinehart 1933) is a source of dynastical and court life in Imperial Russia's last half-century. He also spent a time as guest of future Emperor Ras Tafari. He talks about why he was invited to the Ethiopian Empire in his sequel, Always a Grand Duke. He died in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France. He was the last surviving legitimate grandchild of Nicholas I of Russia. He was buried there in Roquebrune. His wife, Xenia, died in Hampton Court Palace in 1960.

Together, Alexander and Xenia had seven children: Princess Irina Alexandrovna (1895–1970) Prince Andrei Alexandrovich (1897–1981) Prince Feodor Alexandrovich (1898–1968) Prince Nikita Alexandrovich (1900–1974) Prince Dmitri Alexandrovich (1901–1980) Prince Rostislav Alexandrovich (1902–1978) Prince Vasili Alexandrovich (1907–1989)

In 1885, Alexander graduated from the Naval College at the rank of midshipman; he later served in the Navy and participated in the voyages. Since 1891, he was the initiator and founder of the first edition of the Russian annual directory of "Military Fleets", and was its editor until 1906. In 1895, he developed a program of strengthening the Russian Navy in the Pacific. Starting 1896, he taught the Naval Game at the Naval Science Classes in the Naval Academy. Between 1901 and 1902, he acted as the commander of the Black Sea battleship Rostislav, and in 1903 he was appointed a junior flag officer of the Black Sea Fleet. In parallel, between 1901 and 1905 he acted as a chief superintendent and the chairman of several councils related to merchant shipping and ports. At these positions, he contributed to the development of commercial shipping, construction and equipment of new ports, training merchant mariners, creation of long-distance shipping lines and improvement of maritime trade legislation. During the Russian-Japanese war of 1904–1905, he oversaw the auxiliary cruisers of the Volunteer Fleet. Alexander took part in the development of programs aimed at rebuilding the fleet, brought them to the attention of governments and the public, and was an avid supporter of the construction of new battleships. In 1909, he was promoted to the rank of vice admiral.

Alexander played a major role in the creation of Russian military aviation. He was the initiator of the officer's aviation school near Sevastopol in 1910 and later the chief of the Imperial Russian Air Service during the First World War. From December 1916 Alexander was the Field Inspector General of the Imperial Russian Air Service. At the beginning of 1917 he advocated the formation of a government with the participation of public figures, speaking out against the "responsible ministry".

While in exile after 1917, he became fascinated with archaeology and conducted a number of successful expeditions.

О Великом Князе Александре Михайловиче Романове, Grand Duke of Russia (русский)

Российский государственный и военный деятель, четвёртый сын великого князя Михаила Николаевича и Ольги Фёдоровны, внук Николая I, адмирал, автор 'Книги Воспоминаний'.

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Alexander Mikhailovich Romanov of Russia, Grand Duke of Russia's Timeline

April 13, 1866
Tbilisi, Didi digomi, Tbilisi, Georgia
April 13, 1866
- February 26, 1933
Saint Petersburg, gorod Sankt-Peterburg, Saint Petersburg, Russia (Russian Federation)
June 8, 1866
Tbilisi, Didi digomi, Tbilisi, Georgia
May 1887
Age 21
August 10, 1894
Age 28
Ai Todor,,Crimea,Russia
July 15, 1895
Peterhof Castle, Peterhof, Russian Empire
January 13, 1897
Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg, gorod Sankt-Peterburg, Russia (Russian Federation)
December 11, 1898
Sct. Petersburg, Russia (Russian Federation)
January 4, 1900
St. Petersburg, Russian Federation