Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

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Field Marshal His Grace Arthur Wellesley (Wesley), 1st Duke of Wellington, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, KG

Also Known As: "Arthur Wellesley", "First Duke of Wellington"
Birthplace: Mornington House, Upper Merrion St.,, Dublin, County Dublin, Ireland
Death: September 14, 1852 (83)
Walmer Castle, Walmer, Kent, England
Place of Burial: London, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington and Anne Wesley, Countess of Mornington
Husband of Catherine Sarah Dorothea Wellesley
Partner of Elizabeth Dundas; Marguerite-Josephine Georges "Mademoiselle George" and Giuseppina Maria Camilla Grassini
Father of Thomas White Melville Winder, Free Settler "Frederick" 1817; Major-General Lord Charles Wellesley and Lt.Gen. Arthur Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington
Brother of Richard Colley Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley; William Wellesley-Pole, 3rd Earl of Mornington; Hon. and Rev. Gerald Valerian Wellesley; Henry Wellesley, 1st Baron Cowley and Anne Wellesley

Occupation: Solder
Managed by: Private User
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About Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington,_1st_Duke_of_Wellington

Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, KP, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (c. 29 April/1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852), was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman, and one of the leading military and political figures of the nineteenth century.

Born in Ireland to a prominent Ascendancy family, he was commissioned an ensign in the British Army in 1787. Serving in Ireland as aide-de-camp to two successive Lords Lieutenant of Ireland he was also elected as Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons. A colonel by 1796, Wellesley saw action in the Netherlands and later India where he fought in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War at the Battle of Seringapatam. He was later appointed Governor of Seringapatam and Mysore.

Wellesley rose to prominence as a General during the Peninsular Campaign of the Napoleonic Wars, and was promoted to the rank of field marshal after leading the Allied forces to victory against the French at the Battle of Vitoria in 1813. Following Napoleon's exile in 1814, he served as the ambassador to France and was granted a Dukedom. During the Hundred Days in 1815, he commanded the Allied army which defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo.

An opponent of parliamentary reform, he was given the epithet the "Iron Duke" because of the iron shutters he had fixed to his windows to stop the pro-reform mob from breaking them. He was twice Prime Minister of the United Kingdom under the Tory party and oversaw the passage of Catholic Relief Act 1829. He was Prime Minister from 1828-30 and served briefly in 1834. He was unable to prevent the passage of the Reform Act of 1832 and continued as one of the leading figures in the House of Lords until his retirement. He remained Commander-in-Chief of the British Army until his death.

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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington's Timeline

May 1, 1769
Mornington House, Upper Merrion St.,, Dublin, County Dublin, Ireland
London, UK
February 3, 1807
January 16, 1808
Chief Secretary's Lodge, Dublin, Ireland / Phoenix Park, Dublin, Ireland
September 14, 1852
Age 83
Walmer Castle, Walmer, Kent, England
London, England, United Kingdom