Chlodio I Long-Hair, King of the Franks

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Chlodio «le Chevelu» King of the Salian Franks, roi des Francs {Legendary}

Also Known As: "Clodian", "Chlodio", "Chlodion", "Clodio", "Clodion", "Clodius", "Le Chevelu", "the Hairy", "Long Hair", "the Long-Haired", "le Chevelu", "The Hairy", "Clodion /Cologne/", "Clodius (Clodion) "le Cheveleu"", "/Archadius/", "met de lange haren", "the longhaired", "Clogio (Clodion `the Ha..."
Birthplace: Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Death: circa 448 (44-61)
Cambrai, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Place of Burial: Cambrai, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Immediate Family:

Father of Mérovech, {Legendary leader of the Frankish tribes}

Occupation: King of the Salian Franks, Koning van de Franken, Roi des Francs (2e, 428-448), Roi de Thérouanne et de Cambrai, King of France, King Of Franks, King the RIPARIAN of COLOGNE, of the FRANKS, roi de Thérouanne, roi de Cambrai, roi des Francs Saliens, (2e
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Chlodio I Long-Hair, King of the Franks

Clodion le Chevelu (c390-c450) is the earliest king of the Merovingian dynasty whose existence is certain. He is known only by two brief mentions, which makes it difficult to establish a biography. His father is not certain:

  • Chronicle of Fredegar (7th century) says his father was Theudemeres, one of the leaders of the Salian Franks and king of Thérouanne (409–414).
  • Liber Historiae Francorum (8th century) says his father was Pharamond, perhaps a legendary figure.

Chlodio was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 he extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began Chlodio was defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris.



  • - Chlodis Fow [wYoung]
  • - Clodio [Jordan1929]
  • - Clodion [Gardner1996] [O'Hart1923] [wDKBingham] [wPhilip5]
  • - Clodius [Jordan1929] [wCharlemagne]
  • - Clodius Crinitus [Jordan1929]


  • - His father was supposedly Pharamond king of the Franks [374A-430A].
  • - His mother was supposedly Argotta of the Salic Franks [374A-429A].
  • - Basina of the Thuringians [390A-450A] was supposedly his spouse/partner.
  • - fictitious Alberic lord of the Moselle [424A-491A] was supposedly his child.
  • - fictitious Auberon


  • - "the Hairy"
  • - king of the Franks
  • - chef des Francs


  • - Invaded Gaul, repulsed by Aetius



1. [CHLODIO, son of ---. Chlodio appears to have been the first Frankish leader to have invaded northern France. Gregory of Tours records that, according to "the consular lists", Chlodio "a man of high birth and marked ability among his people" was king of the Franks and lived in the castle of Duisburg [Dispargum] in Thuringia. He reports that Chlodio defeated the Romans and captured the town of Cambrai, before occupying Gaul as far as the river Somme[11]. Assuming that Chlodio was a historical figure, he was presumably only one of several local Frankish leaders as Gregory also reports that "the Franks…set up in each country district and each city long-haired kings chosen from the foremost and most noble family of their race"[12]. It is assumed that Chlodio was not the only Frankish leader who invaded Roman Gaul. There is no direct reference to the dating of the invasion, but it presumably took place during the first half of the 5th century. The Liber Historiæ Francorum names "Faramundo rege, Chlodionem filium eius" when recording that he succeeded his father, in a later passage stating that he reigned for 20 years[13], but there is no basis for assuming that Faramund was a historical figure.]

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Chlodio I Long-Hair, King of the Franks's Timeline

Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Age 1
Cologne, Cologne, NRW, Germany
Age 15
Turnacum (Present Tournai), Belgica II (within present Belgium), Galliae, Roman Empire
- 448
Age 33
Age 53
Cambrai, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Age 53
King of the Franks