Eudes "Odo", comte d'Orléans

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Eudes "Odo", Comte d'Orléans

French: Eudes, Comte d'Orléans et Blois, Dutch: Odo, Comte d'Orléans
Also Known As: "Hodo", "Uodo", "Odo", "van Nederlahngau"
Birthplace: Orléans, Loiret, Centre, France
Death: June 834 (49-58)
Touraine (Killed in battle)
Immediate Family:

Husband of NN and Ingeltrude of The Franks of Orleans
Father of Guillaume, comte d'Orléans; Gebhard d'Orléans, count of the Lahngau and Ermentrude of Orléans, queen of the Franks
Brother of Guillaume d'Orléans, Comte de Blois et Comte de Châteaudun and NN mother of Robert "le Fort" d'Orléans

Occupation: Comte d’Orleans
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Eudes "Odo", comte d'Orléans


EUDES ([770/80]-killed in battle [Touraine] Jun 834). His birth date is estimated on the assumption that he was already mature when named for the first time in 810/11, but bearing in mind his active participation in the 834 battle in which he was killed. The Annales Fuldenses record that "Odo legatus imperatoris…orientalium Saxonum præsidium" was captured by "Wilzis" in 810[125]. Einhard's Annales record "Uodo comes" as one of the signatories of peace with the Vikings in 811[126]. He became Comte d'Orléans after the territory was forfeited by Matfried[127]: the Miracula Sancti Bernardi records that "Matfrido, comite quondam Aurelianensi" was deprived of his honours "culpam inertiæ" and "Odo" appointed in his place[128], presumably dated to [828]. From that time, Eudes and his brother Guillaume were the most powerful supporters of Emperor Louis "le Pieux" against his son Lothaire, whose rebellion was supported by Matfried. The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "Aurelianensem urbem" was taken from "Hodone" and restored to "Mathfrido" [in 830][129]. The Annales Bertiniani record that "Odo et Willelmus frater eius" were among those killed fighting "Lantbertum et Matfridem" in 834[130]. Merlet suggests that the battle took place in Touraine[131]. The Annales Xantenses record that "Uodo comes et Theodo abbas" were killed in 834[132]. The Annales Fuldenses record the rebellion of "Mahtfredo et Lantberto" in 834 and the battle in which "Udo comes Aurelianensium et Theodo abbas sancti Martini Turonensis" were killed[133]. The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Odo Aurelianorum comes" was killed fighting "Lamberto Nannetensi comite"[134]. The Miracula Sancti Bernardi names "Odonem fratremque illius Guillelmum, comitem Blesensium, Teutonem denique abbatem Sancti Martini, Guidonem comitem Cenomanensem" among those killed in battle against Lambert Comte de Nantes[135]. The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Odo comes Aurelianensium, Willelmus frater eius comes Blesensium, Guido comes Cenomanensium" died in battle fighting "Lambertum" in 835[136]. It is more likely that this battle took place in 834, assuming that it is correct that Count Lantbert was established in Italy later that year. [m firstly --- . The charter quoted below, which records the confirmation of a donation to Tours Saint-Martin made by Comte Eudes and his son Guillaume, suggests that Guillaume must have been considerably older than his sister Ermentrudis (whose birth is estimated to [830], see below). If this is correct, it is possible that Guillaume was born from an earlier marriage of his father. The possibility of such an earlier marriage is also indicated by Eudes’s estimated birth date as shown above.] m [secondly] ENGELTRUDIS, daughter of LIUTHARD Comte de Fézensac & his wife GRIMHILD ---. The wife of Eudes is named by Nithard who records "Hirmentrude, daughter of Odo and Ingiltrud" as the wife of Charles[137]. However, the Annales Bertiniani suggest that she was the sister of Adalhard [III] (and therefore maybe the daughter of Liuthard) when they record that "Carlomannus, Hlodowici regis Germaniæ" sought refuge with "Adalardo, Yrmintrudis reginæ avunculo, suo autem propinquo" after he was banished by his father following his rebellion in 861[138]. Comte Eudes & his [first] wife had one child:

a) GUILLAUME (-executed 866). Barthélemy quotes a charter under which "Robertus…beati Martini abbas…et comes" confirmed donations to Tour Saint-Martin made "olim…ab Odone quondam comite Aurelianensi avunculo nostro et Willelmo eius filio" by charter dated 20 Feb "anno XXVII regnante domino Carolo…rege"[139]. As noted above, this charter suggests that Guillaume must have been considerably older than his sister Ermentrudis (whose birth is estimated to [830], see below, and therefore possibly born from an otherwise unrecorded earlier marriage of his father. The Annales Bertiniani name "Willelmum…Odonis quondam comitis Aurelianensis filium" as "Karolus…sobrinum suum" when recording his capture in Burgundy and execution at "Silvanectum civitatem" in 866[140].

Comte Eudes & his [first/second] wife had [one possible child]:

b) GEBHARD (-after 879). Jackman suggests that Gebhard (ancestor of the Konradiner) was the brother of Ermentrude, first wife Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks, therefore the son of Eudes Comte d'Orléans[141]. However, this appears chronologically dubious if Gebhard is identified with "Gebehardus" who founded Kloster Kettenbach, as recorded in the charter of "Ludowicus…rex" dated 31 Mar [845] in which the king donated land in "in pago Logonense iuxta fluvium Arda" to the monastery[142], unless he was born from an earlier marriage of his father. Nevertheless, an interesting possible corroboration for Gebhard's relationship with this family is provided by the Annales Bertiniani which record that "Adalardo Yrmintrudis reginæ avunculo" was "propinquo" of the brothers Udo (ancestor of the Franconian Konradiner family), Berengar and Waldo who were expelled from Germany in 865[143], and in a later passage that "Adalardo…et suis propinquis Hugonis et Berengario" fought the Vikings in 865[144]. "Adalardo" was Adalhard [III], maternal uncle of Gebhard assuming the relationship is as shown here, and the brothers Udo, Berengar and Waldo were Gebhard's sons. m --- im Nordgau, sister of Graf ERNST, daughter of ---. The relationship between the sons of Gebhard and Graf Ernst is clarified by the Annales Bertiniani which record that "nepotes ipsius [Ernestus]" were expelled from the kingdom in 861[145]. If the suggestion by Jackman concerning Gebhard's affiliation is correct, Gebhard would have been the brother-in-law not brother of Ernest, married to the latter's sister.]

Comte Eudes & his [second] wife had one child:

c) ERMENTRUDIS (27 Sep [830]-Saint-Denis 6 Oct 869, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). The Annales Bertiniani record the marriage in 842 of "Ermendrud neptem Adalardi comitis" and "Karolus" at "Carisiacum palatium"[146]. Nithard names "Hirmentrude, daughter of Odo and Ingiltrud" as wife of Charles[147]. She was crowned in Aug 866 at Saint-Médard de Soissons. After she was separated from her husband, she retired to a monastery. The Annales Bertiniani record the death "869 II Non Oct in monasterio Sancti Dyonisii" of "Hyrmentrudem uxorem suam [=Karoli]" and her burial at Saint-Denis[148]. The Obituaire de Notre-Dame de Paris records the death "Non Oct" of "Irmentrudis regina uxor Caroli"[149]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Non Oct" of "Hirmentrudis regina"[150]. m (Quierzy, Aisne 13 Dec 842, separated 867) as his first wife, CHARLES II “le Chauve” King of the West Franks, son of Emperor LOUIS I "le Pieux" & his second wife Judith [Welf] (Frankfurt-am-Main 13 Jun 823-Avrieux or Brides-les-Bains, Savoie 6 Oct 877, bur Nantua Abbey, transferred to église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). He was crowned Emperor CHARLES II in 875.

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Eudes "Odo", comte d'Orléans's Timeline

Orléans, Loiret, Centre, France
Aisne, Picardy, France
September 27, 830
Orléans, Loiret, Centre, France
June 834
Age 54
March 21, 1995
Age 54
May 9, 1995
Age 54
Count of Orleans