John Fleming (1st Earl of Wigton) Fleming, 1st Earl of Wigton, 6th Lord Fleming

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John Fleming (1st Earl of Wigton) Fleming, 1st Earl of Wigton, 6th Lord Fleming

Also Known As: "John Flemming"
Birthplace: Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Death: April 16, 1619 (51-52)
Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Immediate Family:

Son of John Fleming, 5th Lord Fleming and Elizabeth Ross
Husband of Lilias Graham, Countess of Wigton and Sarah Maxwell
Father of Lady Jean Fleming; John Fleming, 2nd Earl of Wigton, 7th Lord Fleming; James Fleming, of Boghall; George Fleming; Lilias "of Boghall" Fleming and 9 others
Brother of Mary Fleming; Margaret Fleming; Lady Jane Fleming; Elizabeth Fleming; Janet Mary Fleming and 3 others
Half brother of Lucrece Fleming

Managed by: Private User
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About John Fleming (1st Earl of Wigton) Fleming, 1st Earl of Wigton, 6th Lord Fleming

changes to be made by a curator

  • Place of Birth/Place Name: Boghall Castle

brief biography and family

1st Earl of Wigtown

6th or 7th Lord Fleming


Surname has also been reported to be Flemming.

Date and place of birth have also been reported to be 1570 in what is now the United Kingdom (unattested).

Date and place of death have also been reported to be 1630 in what is now the United Kingdom (unattested).

content to clean up

From Burke's:

John, 6th Lord Fleming (only son of John, ftth lord, by Elizabeth, his wife, only child of Robert, Master of Ross, and grandson of Malcolm, 3rd Lord Fleming, by Johanna Stewart, his wife), was created Earl Of Wigton, Lord Fleming And Cumbernauld, by patent, dated at Whitehall, 19 March, 1606.

His lordship m. 1st, Lady Lillias Graham, only dau. of John, 3rd Earl of Montrose, and had issue,

sons -

  • i. John, 2nd Earl of Wigton
  • ii. James, of Boghall, who m. in 1612, Janet Brisbane, dau. of the Laird of Rishoptoun, and d. in 1622. His son, John,came of age, 1643.
  • iii. Malcolm.
  • iv. Alexander.

And daughters -

  • i. Jean, m. in 1603, to George, Master of Loudoun, and was mother of Margaret, Countess of Loudoun.
  • ii. Anne, m. to Sir William Livingston, of Darnchester, eldest son of Sir William Livingston, of Kihyth.
  • iii. Margaret, m. in 1613, to Sir John Charteris, of Amisfield, and had issue.
  • iv. Liilias, ta. in 1627. to Sir David Murray, of Stanhope, and had Issue,
  • v. Mary, m. 1634, to Archibald Stewart, the younger, of Castlemilk, and had issue.
  • vi. Rachel, m. in 16*4, to George Lindsay, of Covington.

The earl m. 2ndly, Sarah Maxwell, eldest dau. of John, Lord Hemes, relict of Sir James Johnston, of Johnston, and by her (who m. 3rdly, Hugh Montgomery, Viscount of Alrds, in Ireland, and was buried at Edinburgh, 29 March, 1636) had two daus.,

  • Sarah and
  • Jean.

The earl d. 1619


From The Scots Peerage, Vol 8, page 545:

"John was restored in 1579 to the estates which had been forfeited by his father, was retoured heir to his mother, father, uncle, and grandfather in their whole lands on 26 July 1580, had a charter of the lands of Boghall, Mylntown, and Arretsholl from John Fleming of Boghall on 28 February 1581-82, which was confirmed under the Great Seal 14 April 1582, and a grant from the King of the office of Usher or Janitor of the Royal House for his lifetime on 18 September 1583, and again on 30 July 1587. From King James VI. he had a charter of his whole lands therein mentioned erected into a lordship and barony, to be called the lordship of Cumbernauld, and the towns of Biggar and Kirkintilloch into burghs of barony, on 18 January 1588-89, and another charter of the said lands on his own resignation for new infeftment to himself and the heirs-male of his body, whom failing, Alexander Fleming of Barrochan and the heirs-male of his body, whom failing, to his own nearest heirs-male whatsoever bearing the arms and surname of Fleming, on 31 January 1595-96. He was advanced to the dignity of Earl of Wigtown, Lord fleming and Cumbernauld by patent dated at Whitehall 19 March 1606, with remainder to his heirs-male of lawful and lineal descent, and in terms thereof he was formally invested at Perth on 1 July 1606." [7]


  • 7. The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, Containing an Historical and Genealogical Account of the Nobility of that Kingdom, with Armorial Illustrations (1904-1914), Paul , Sir James Balfour, (9 volumes. Edinburgh: D. Douglas, 1904-1914), FHL book 941 D22p; FHL microfilms104,157-104,161., vol. 8 p. 545.


  1. A Genealogical History of the Dormant: Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct ... By Sir Bernard Burke, page 218 "Fleming - Earl of Wigton"



One source says he had 10 children,


"Oh Caledonia! stern and wild Meet nurse for a poetic child! Land of brown heath and shaggy wood, Land of the mountains and the flood, Land of my sires! What mortal hand Can e'er untie the filial bond That knits me to they rugged strand!"Sir Walter Scott Noblemen set the example by the determination to defend the rights of the underlings. They took the law, what there was, into their own hands. The Barons were constantly feuding with one another, and the lairds followed the lead of their overlords feuding with the lairds. At the time 1500-1600's the various families were continually involved with one another and with the citizens of Perth and other towns. Raiding and fighting were not only traditional but an exciting relief from a tedious life. Scotland since the time of Robert the Bruce had not been able to keep England out... but there was a measure of independence between 1406 and 1635 under the regencies of five infant kings. Feudalism implied the rise of noblemen who continued to carry on their territorial quarrels...Hence, spoil and lawlessness were a way of life. from Primitive Scotland by Elizabeth Morse Blair Bruidhinn newsletter


SOME MORE VERSIONS OF THE FLEMING ANCESTRY The father of Col. Charles Fleming is variously given as Thomas, or John son of Alexander, James or John, son of James... (See notes for Col. Charles & Sir Alexander Fleming) Origins of the Name An English ethnic name for someone from Flanders. In the Middle Ages there was considerable commercial contact between England & the Netherlands, particularly in the wool trade-& many Flemish weavers & dyers settled in England. The word reflects a Norman French from of Old French «i»flamenc«/i», form the stem «i»flam«/i»- + the Germanic suffix -«i»ing. «/i»The surname is also common in south & east Scotland & in Ireland where it is Gaelicized to Pléimeann.

FLEMING RECORDS Wurts gives the father of Col. Charles Fleming as: James Fleming who came to New Kent County, Virginian c 1616 & died 27 April 1686.
One supposition is that is that the descendant of the 6th Lord and lst Earl of Wigton was Sir Charles then to John? Alexander? to Col. Charles who married Susannah Tarlton. Other sources that these were Thomas' brothers who came to Virginia with him. An Alexander B 1612 D 1668-9 in Virginia and married an Ursula Brown. The source of this is Colonial Granville, Co., NC by Worth S. Kay-Genealogical Pub. Co., Baltimore 1965. An Alexander is listed as a 4th son of the of 1st Earl of Wigton...and "died (ob) before 1660-so the dates would not be correct for the Virginia Alexander and John keeps appearing in the Fleming line but not Alexander. Might Alexander have been the son of the 2nd Earl-John? Ursula, however, seems to imply a connection with the line as Sir Thomas Fleming's daughter also has that name. It is not a common name. Also, the mother of the Ist Earl was named Elizabeth-as is one of SirThomas' daughters. This is, of course, a common English name-so it might be just coincidence, but the other children's names seem to have family origins as was the tradition.

From the site: «i» «/i» John Fleming first appears in the Records of the Land Office in Richmond, VA in 1653. His son Charles married Susannah Tarleton. Some sources say that John may have been the father of Charles.
John Fleming appears when he was granted a patent on 28 Feg 1658 for 250 acres in New Kent Co. (Patent Book 4, 254). Although there are exceptions, a man had to be 21 in order to take out a patent. If John was is fact 21, he must have been born before 1637. The baptisms of two of his children are recorded in Charles Parish, York Co. They are: Lidia, dtr by Mercy 30 Oct 1679 and John, son by Mary 14 April 1683. Are Mary and Mercy the same person? But still no proof that he was Col. Charles Fleming's father.

In "«i»Raileys and Kindred Families«/i»" by William Railey, he states that Sir Thomas Fleming was the Earl of Wigton...This not correct, as the Earl wouldn't have migrated, but second sons etc., who could not inherit the title, would.

One source believes that Thomas was the son of James who was the son of John, 6th Lord Fleming...and that he had a son John, also Alexander, Richard and our Thomas...and that they are the ones who came to Virginia.

Nugent Pg 558: Capt. Alexander Fleming 9 Dec 1662-5 and others Yarretts Marsh: NS of Rappahannock River s. side of Silvester Thethers Creek and n. end of land where Fleming liveth adjoining Colemans Thickett Alexander bouth and sold land s. side of Rappahannock River Nazemmod towne NW with Cedars Creek.

Another source-records of Jack Maidlow of Georgetown, TX gives: John 6th Lord Fleming m. Lilias Graham Died April 1619 Scotland had: James Fleming m. Janet Brisbane Died 1622, Scotland had: Thomas Fleming m. Judith Tarleton Born 1616, Scotland Died New Kent Co., Va. had: Ursula Fleming

A pedigree chart from Bertha Daniels of Kent, WA. also gives the above descent from James but was certain that the original immigrant was Thomas...could have been John, Thomas, Alexander or Richard? Her chart (which descends from Archembald of Flanders) goes to: John, 6th Lord Fleming, lst E. of Wigton m. Lillas Graham had John 2nd E. of Wigton and James who marr. Janet Brisbane (above) had a son John of age in 1643... She thinks this where our line connects.
«i»Fleming Family Records«/i» by J. Montgomery Seaver Pg 19: John Fleming: 5th Lord Fleming ; succeeded to title on the death of brother James, in 1558; had issue: John Flleming; 6th Lord Fleming, of Biggar and Cumbernault, created, 1606, Earl of Wigton; d. 1619, and Sir Thomas Fleming: Knt., emigrated to the Va. Colony, 1616; lived in Kent County. Thus, some sources say our Thomas was the son of 5th Lord Fleming, the 6th Lord Fleming or the James the son of the 6th Lord... With all the disagreements as to the original immigrant, most genealogists seem to agree that the constant thread that runs through this line from colonial times is the probable descent from the Earls of Wigton. But is has yet to be proven.


John was created Earl of Wigton, Lord Fleming and Biggar and Cumbernauld: Whitehall, Patent dated:19 March 1606*. The title Earl was orginally reserved for the one who accompanied the Monarch..
Was there another son, Thomas?-the one who emigrated to Virginia in 1616? One source states that he had at least two sons: John and Thomas. Some pedigree charts also list a 4th son. Another, unverified, says John, 6th Lord Fleming had '10 children'..but Thomas is not listed among them...'Have never seen this any other place. He had a son, James who may have been the father of our Thomas--along with several brothers. From a book that includes the Woodson-Ferris lines the descent is given from Hugh Capet thru Robert Bruce, Archibald Douglas, Robert II & John 6th Lord as follows... John V Lord Fleming marr. Elizabeth Ross John VI Lord Fleming, created 1606 Earl of Wigton-is 2nd son:

  • Sir Thomas Fleming, marr. in England, Miss Tarleton; emig to Va 1616; lived Kent Co.where they had 3 sons: Tarleton, George, Charles & several daughters. 1. Tarlton marr. Miss Bates & had 3 sons, one of whom marr. Mary Randolph. 2. Charles was the father of Ursula Fleming who marr. Tarleton, son of John & Judith Tarleton Woodson. NOTE: *At the present time there is NO record that Sir Thomas Fleming existed. For many years his descent from the Wigton line was an accepted fact. I am putting in these lines to show the confusion that now exists re: the Virginia Fleming-Earls of Wigton connection. Also see notes: Sir Alexander Fleming & Col Charles Fleming


  • The Fleming, Earl of Wigton (1747) The title is included of Dormant & Vacant Clan Chiefships. These are clans & families, who have had a chief officially recognized by the Crown at some time. The date given is the last date at which a chief is officially recorded. From The HIghlander Magazine 1990: Titles of Baronage by Sir Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw Bt Rothesay Herald of Arms In Scotland the concept of the peerage & the baronage was territorial in origin. The grant by the king to subject of an area of land, which had been erected into an earldom, lordship or barony. This had the effect of ennobling the owner so that they became Earl, Lord or Baron. These land grants were called "noble feus" because they had the effect of ennobling the owner. If the owner sold the territorial earldom, lordship or barony, they ceased to be noble. An early example of this is the sale for £500 on Feb. 8, 1371 by Thomas 2nd Earl of Wigtown of the territorial Earldom of Wigtown, in the southwest of Scotland to Archibald Douglas, Earl of Galloway. On completion of the sale Thomas became simply Thomas Fleming of Foulwood, a commoner, no longer an earl.


Fleming Descent, Douglas Peerage "Peerage" Douglas Printed 1764 and 1813 Y Y

a. Sir John Charteris, 11th of Amisfield and of Kirkmichael (d c1639) m. (1613) Margaret Fleming (d c1622, dau of John Fleming, 1st Earl of Wigtown)

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John Fleming (1st Earl of Wigton) Fleming, 1st Earl of Wigton, 6th Lord Fleming's Timeline

Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Boghall, Lanarkshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
December 9, 1589
Perth, Kincardineshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Peebles, Scotland
March 19, 1606
Age 39
April 16, 1619
Age 52
Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)