Leonidas, king of Sparta

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Greek, Ancient: Λεωνίδας
Death: August 07, -480
Immediate Family:

Son of Anaxandridas II, king of Sparta and First Wife
Husband of Gorgo, Queen of Sparta
Father of Pleistarchus, king of Sparta
Brother of Dorieus and Cleombrotus Regent of Sparta
Half brother of Cleomenes I King of Sparta

Managed by: Jason Scott Wills
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About Leonidas, king of Sparta

Leonidas was a 5th century B.C. Spartan military king who bravely led a small force of Greeks -- mostly Spartan (the famous 300), but also Thespians and Thebans -- against the much larger Persian army of Xerxes, at the pass of Thermopylae, in 480 B.C. during the Persian Wars. According to Herodotus, Leonidas had been warned by the Delphic oracle that either Sparta would be destroyed or their king would lose his life. Leonidas chose the second alternative.