Louis de Bourbon, prince-évêque de Liège

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Bishop of Liège Capet Louis de Bourbon de Bourbon, duc de Bouillon

French: Bishop of Liège Capet Louis de Bourbon Capet, duc de Bouillon
Also Known As: "Bishop of Liege"
Birthplace: France
Death: August 30, 1482 (43-44)
Werz, Liège, Walloon Region, Belgium (Assassinated by Guillaume de la Marck in order to replace him by his own son Jean de la Marck)
Place of Burial: Liège, Walloon Region, Belgium
Immediate Family:

Son of Charles I, duc de Bourbon and Agnes de Bourgogne
Husband of Katharina van Egmont, regent van Gelre
Ex-partner of NN Mistress
Father of Pierre de Bourbon, Seigneur de l'Isle, Baron de Busset et de Puisagut; Louis Capet (De Bourbon), Bâtard De Liège and Jacques de Bourbon bâtard de Liège
Brother of Marie de Bourbon; Jean II, duc de Bourbon et d'Auvergne; Philippe de Bourbon, seigneur de Beaujeu; Charles II de Bourbon, cardinal; Isabelle de Bourbon and 5 others
Half brother of Pierre de Bourbon, seigneur de Bois d'Yoin; Renaud de Bourbon, archevêque de Narbonne; Louis de Bourbon, comte de Roussillon; Sidoine bâtarde de Bourbon, dame de Tison; Charlotte de Bourbon and 1 other

Occupation: Prince-Bishop of Liège
Managed by: George J. Homs
Last Updated:

About Louis de Bourbon, prince-évêque de Liège

Wikipedia contributors, 'Louis de Bourbon, Bishop of Liège', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 14 February 2011, 23:22 UTC, <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis_de_Bourbon,_Bishop_...> [accessed 4 March 2011]

LOUIS bâtard de Bourbon (-Valognes.Manches Jan 1487, bur église Saint-François). Invested as Baron de Roussillon en Dauphiné by his half-brother Jean II Duc de Bourbon at Reims Aug 1461, exchanged at Bordeaux 24 Mar 1462 for the Seigneurie de Châtelard en Bresse. Legitimated Sep 1463. Created Comte de Roussillon 1465, Comte de Ligny. Amiral de France May 1466, known as "l'Amiral de Bourbon". m (betrothed Paris, Hôtel de Ville 2 Nov 1465, end Feb 1466) JEANNE de Valois Dame de Mirabeau et d'Usson en Auvergne, legitimated daughter of LOUIS XI King of France & his mistress Marguerite de Sassenage ([1447/56]-1519, bur Mirabeau, Vienne, église des Cordeliers). Louis & his wife had four children.



Louis de Bourbon (1438 – 30 August 1482 in Liège) was Prince-Bishop of Liège from 1456 until his death.


   1 Family
   2 Conflict over the bishopric
   3 Later life
   4 In literature
   5 Primary sources
   6 Notes
   7 External links


He was the son of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, and Agnes of Burgundy, sister of Philip the Good. His own sister Isabella was the second wife of Charles the Bold. He was brought up and educated by his uncle Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, who let him study for ten years at the University of Leuven.[4]

It has been said that he married, in secret in 1464, Catherine, daughter of Arnold, Duke of Gelderland. Their son, Pierre de Bourbon, who may however have been instead a son of a mistress of Louis, founded the Bourbon-Busset family.[5] The three children of Louis were:

   Pierre de Bourbon, bâtard de Liège (1464 - 1529);
   Louis de Bourbon, bâtard de Liège (1465 - 1500);
   Jacques de Bourbon, bâtard de Liège (1466 - 1537).[3]

Conflict over the bishopric

Philip secured for him in 1456 the Prince-Bishopric of Liège,[6] by influencing Pope Callixtus III, and removing the 69-year-old John of Heinsberg.[2] Given the strategic position of Liège almost enclosed by Burgundian possessions, Louis was a poor choice because his behavior quickly led to troubles, permitting French meddling.[7]

The citizens rejected the new bishop and the Burgundian influence, which led to the Liège Wars. Louis was exiled to Maastricht.[8]

Marc de Bade was put in place by the Liégeois,[9] who fought under Raes van Heers,[10] but military force from Burgundy prevailed, in 1465. The resulting Peace of Saint-Trond[11] restored the bishop, but Liège lost its sovereignty. Another revolt in 1467 was crushed at the Battle of Brustem.

In the summer of 1468, Louis was back in his prince-bishopric, after a papal legate had intervened, but was captured at Tongeren by a raiding party from Liège, at that time again asserting independence of Charles the Bold of Burgundy.[12] An unlikely alliance of Charles with Louis XI, who in 1465 had helped the Liégeois against the bishop, saw Bishop Louis released.[13] Liège was taken,[14] and sacked on 30 October 1468.[15][16] Later life

Louis sold Condé and Leuze to Marie de Montmorency.[17]

In 1477, Charles the Bold was killed, and his daughter and heiress Mary of Burgundy was forced to sign the Peace of Saint-Jacques, consolidating the bishop's position but returning sovereignty to Liège.[18] He was at this time amongst the advisers of Mary who wanted her to marry the future Charles VIII of France, then Dauphin of France.[19]

Louis ruled until 30 August 1482, when he was assassinated by William de la Marck,[1] an adventurer who from 1478 had been operating against the territory from the Castle of Logne.[20] In literature

The murder of Louis is depicted in the novel Quentin Durward by Sir Walter Scott, but its historical details are far from accurate.[21] Primary sources

There are numerous contemporary accounts.[22] Notes

History of the duchy of Bouillon Compagnie de la Verte Tente, Le 15ème siècle (in French), archived from the original on 5 May 2008 Cawley, Charles, "Bourbon", Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[self-published source][better source needed]; [1] (French). Richard Vaughan (1970), Philip the Good, p. 123. These claims may date only from the seventeenth century; see Cawley, Charles, "BOURBON", Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[self-published source][better source needed]. Vaughan, p. 223. According to Paul Murray Kendall, Louis XI, p. 256, Louis lacked both religious and administrative talents. According to [2], greedy, absent-minded and awkward. Vaughan p. 274. [3] (French); describes Louis as Homme maladroit, faible et frivole, i.e. clumsy, weak and frivolous. Marc de Bade (Baden) was well-connected, of a German family, and was appointed as mambour, a secular post implying military protection [4]. [5], [6] [7] (French). Kendall, p. 262; [8]. He was supposed to make peace; Charles and Louis the king and Louis the bishop conferred at the Château de Fallais [9]. Kendall p. 268-271. [10] (French). In gratitude Louis gave Charles the Horn of St Hubert, now in the Wallace Collection [11]; see [12]. Leuze-en-Hainaut (Municipality, Province of Hainaut, Belgium) [13] (French). Kendall, p. 390. Belgian Castles: LOGNE Scott's own introduction admits this: In assigning the present date to the murder of the Bishop of Liege, Louis de Bourbon, history has been violated. It is true that the Bishop was made prisoner by the insurgents of that city. It is also true that the report of the insurrection came to Charles with a rumour that the Bishop was slain, which excited his indignation against Louis, who was then in his power. But these things happened in 1468, and the Bishop's murder did not take place till 1482. Gutenberg text.

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Louis de Bourbon, prince-évêque de Liège's Timeline

November 1464
The Netherlands
Benwick, Cambridgeshire, England (United Kingdom)
August 30, 1482
Age 44
Werz, Liège, Walloon Region, Belgium
Eglise Saint-Lambert, Liège, Walloon Region, Belgium