Lucia de Thweng, heiress of Bozeat

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Lucia de Thweng, heiress of Bozeat

Also Known As: "Lucy", "Luce"
Birthplace: Kilton Castle, Brotton, North Riding of Yorkshire , England (United Kingdom)
Death: January 08, 1347 (67)
Guisborough, North Riding of Yorkshire , England (United Kingdom)
Place of Burial: Guisborough, Yorkshire, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Robert de Thweng and Maud Hansard
Wife of Sir Robert de Everingham and Sir Bartholomew de Fanacourt
Ex-wife of William le Latimer, 2nd Baron of Corby
Partner of Marmaduke de Thweng, Master of Kilton and Nicholas de Meynell, 2nd Lord Meinill of Whorlton
Mother of Joan le Latimer; Sir William Latimer, 3rd Lord Latimer; Christian Latimer and Sir Nicholas de Meynell, 1st Baron Meinill of Whorlton

Managed by: Private User
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About Lucia de Thweng, heiress of Bozeat

She was mistress of Sir Nicholas de Meinell, Lord Meinell, son of Sir Nicholas de Meinell, Lord Meinell, and Christine.


Robert de Everingham m. Lucia, dau. and heiress of Robert de Thwenge, a great feudal lord, temp. Edward I (the lady had been previously the wife of Sir William Latimer, and divorced) and dying in the 15th Edward I [1287], was s. by his son, Adam. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 193, Everingham, Barons Everingham]


Lucy was 5 months pregnant when she married William Latimer (Ist Lord) in August 1294, so William Latimer, 1st baron and putative grandfather had the child declared illegitimate and induced the king to grant him the lordship and forest of Danby for life.

The paternity of the child was likely to have been that of her cousin Marmaduke Thweng, for a year later Lucy had left Latimer and was living with Marmaduke as his mistress. Latimer obtained a divorce and married Sybil de Fourneaux, by which time Lucy had left Marmaduke and was living with Stephen Meinell and had had a son by him.


In 1272 Brotton, Yorks, passed to Lucy wife of Marmaduke de Thweng of Kilton Castle, and afterwards with Danby to their granddaughter Lucy. The manor was settled in 1313 on Lucy and her second husband Robert de Everingham and their issue with remainder to the right heirs of Robert. (fn. 19) After his death in 1316 without issue the manor was settled on Bartholomew de Fanacourt, her third husband, for life with remainder to Adam Lord Everingham of Laxton, brother and heir of Robert, and his son Adam. (fn. 20) Lucy died in January 1346-7 (fn. 21) and Bartholomew in 1352, (fn. 22) when the manor reverted to the younger Adam Lord Everingham.




Lucy de Thwenge, daughter of Robert de Thwenge and Maud Hansard, was born on 24 March 1279 at of Kilton Castle, Cleveland, Yorkshire, England.4


  1. Sir William Latimer, 2nd Lord Latimer, son of Sir John 'the Rich' le Latimer, Sheriff of York and Christian Ledet, before 20 April 1295; They had 1 son (Sir William, 3rd Lord Latimer).3,4 She filed for divorce from Sir William Latimer, 2nd Lord Latimer before 22 September 1304; Applied to the Archbishop Thomas of Cambridge for a divorce on grounds of consanguinity in the 4th degree, as well as cruelty.4
  2. Nicholas de Meinill, 2nd Lord Meinill of Whorlton, Sheriff of Yorkshire, son of Nicholas de Meinill, 1st Lord Meinill and Christina, DID NOT MARRY; They had 1 illegitimate son (Nicholas, Lord Meinhill).2,4
  3. Sir Robert de Everingham, son of Sir Robert de Everingham and Alice de la Hyde, before 29 January 1313; No issue.4
  4. Sir Bartholomew de Fanacourt after 4 April 1316; No issue.6,4

She is also said to have been a mistress of her cousin Marmaduke Thweng (son of Marmaduke); and then Peter de Mauley.

Lucy de Thwenge left a will on 8 January 1346.4 She died on 8 June 1346 at age 67; Buried in the conventual church at Guisborough, Yorkshire.6,4 Her estate was probated on 1 March 1347.4



Lucia de Thwenge m1 Aug 1294 Sir William son of William de Latymer / Latimer & Alice Ledet who was excommunicated 2 Nov 1305 at the instance of his wife Lucy for not satisfying the costs of the divorce suit, but received absolution from the Pope 16 Apr 1311. In 1312 he obtained a divorce and was granted the manor of Synchyngton for his life on 20 July 1312.

She had been abducted by Nicholas Meynell 2nd Lord Meynell of Whorlton Castle from Kirkburn in1304; on 4 Sep 1309 she was summoned before the Consistory Court at York on a charge of incest and adultery,

Lucy m2 1313 Sir Robert de Everingham dsp pre 1316 of Laxton son of Sir Robert de Everingham 1257. On 12 July 1319 Luce his widow made a grant to William prior of Guisborough of certain lands for the good of her soul and her late husband.

Lucy m3 1320 Sir Bartholomew de Fanacourt "a foreigner" dsp 1352

Lucy died at Molton ; her will dated 1 Jan. 1346-7 proved 1 March 1346-7 asked "to be buried at Guisborough priory"

From “The Thweng Family c.1223 to c.1323” Dissertation by Simon Ross link

Robert’s daughter Lucy is almost worthy of an essay in her own right. Marmaduke had inherited the Thweng lands upon the death of his father, valued at seven knight’s fees, and by 1271 he held sixteen and a half fees. Around this time he gave Kilton Castle to his son Robert and took up residence at Danby, some six miles to the south of the traditional family home. The move to a more comfortable, less protected residence reflects the relative peace in the kingdom after the years of turmoil that had gone before. When her father died, Marmaduke arranged for Robert’s fiefs at Kilton, Thwing and Lund to go to his second son, also called Marmaduke, whilst Lucy retained the land given to Marmaduke as part of the partition of the de Brus land. This made Lucy an extremely eligible woman.
She was only around four or five years of age at the time of her father’s death and naturally became the ward of Edward I, who gave custody to the younger Marmaduke. Lucy spent her childhood at Kilton and aged fifteen was given in marriage to William le Latimer the Younger, whose family had close connections to the King. Marmaduke opposed such a move as he wanted Lucy to marry his eldest son and thus keep the de Brus land in the family. However, Edward obviously had a great deal of influence over this marriage and encouraged by William le Latimer the Elder, who stood to gain vast tracts of land, the wedding went ahead in August 1294. Lucy strongly disliked her husband, and he distrusted her, and within a year of marriage she had left his home and returned to Kilton as the mistress of her cousin, Marmaduke, her former custodian. However, this relationship failed to last. When Marmaduke was away fighting in Scotland c.1304, Lucy fled Kilton and became the mistress of the young Peter de Mauley, who was approximately eighteen years of age at the time, compared to Lucy’s twenty-five. According to I’Anson, the King ordered Lucy to be returned to her first husband William but this never occurred. Her relationship with de Mauley was almost as short-lived as her marriage for she soon left him for Nicholas de Menyll of Whorlton, a baron of fearsome repute. By 1307 Lucy had born Menyll an illegitimate son. Around this time William le Latimer applied for and obtained a divorce and the king’s escheator took into royal hands Lucy’s inheritance at Yarm, Brunne, Skinningrove and Brotton. Lucy married twice more, firstly to Robert Everingham in 1313, who died on service in Scotland three years later, and then in 1320 to Batholomew de Fanacourt at the age of 41. Fanacourt fought against the royalist forces at Boroughbridge in 1322, who, ironically enough, were commanded by Lucy’s first husband William le Latimer. Latimer’s victory must have tasted all the sweeter.



Sir Bartholomew de Fanacourt, third husband of Lucy, 1279-1347, younger daughter and heir of s.v. Sir Robert de Thweng, d. before 1284, and granddaughter of Sir Marmaduke de Thweng, d. 1323, and his wife Lucy de Brus (daughter of Sir Piers de Brus II, of Skelton and Danby in Cleveland, and sister and coheir of Sir Piers de Brus III, of Skelton and Danby, d. 1272), in Cokayne, Complete Peerage, vol. 5, pp. 268-269 & p. 269 note (b), vol. 7, p. 468, vol.12A, pp. 738-39. Lucy's three sisters and coheirs were Agnes, the eldest, who married Walter de Faucunberge; Margaret, who married Robert de Ros of Wark, and Ladereyne, who married John de Belewe. Id. vol. 5, p. 269 note (b). Lucy's second husband was Sir Robert de Everingham, d. childless 1316, younger son of s.v. Sir Robert de Everingham, of Laxton, d. 1295, and brother of s.v. Sir Adam de Everingham, of Laxton, Lord Everingham, 1279-1341. Id. vol. 5, pp. 184-188 & p. 185 note (b); id. vol. 7, p. 468 (biographical entry on Lucy's divorced first husband William le Latimer, Lord Latimer). Plaintiff Lucy inherited the manor of Kirkburn from her grandmother Lucy, wife of Sir Marmaduke de Thweng. By a fine dated 7 Edw. 2, the manor of Kirkburn was conveyed to Lucy and Robert de Everingham to themselves and to the heirs of their bodies, with remainder to the right heirs of Robert. After Lucy's death, the premises devolved on Adam de Everingham of Laxton. Id. vol. 5, p. 185 note (b)


He [William le Latimer] married, 1stly, before 20 April 1295, Lucy, heir of Sir Robert DE THWENG elder brother of Marmaduke, 1st Lord Thweng (and granddaughter of Sir Marmaduke DE THWENG, of Kilton in Cleveland, by Lucy, sister and coheir of Sir Piers DE BRUS, of Skelton and Danby in Cleveland). On 16 February 1303/4 the Sheriff of York was ordered to find Lucy, wife of William le Latimer the younger, arrest her by force if necessary, and take her back to William's manor of Brunne, co. York, delivering her to William's attorney, as William had left her there to remain during his absence on service in Scotland and she was taken away against his will by force. On 10 February 1310/1 William and Lucy quitclaimed to the King the manor of Danby with the free chase of Danby (North Riding, Yorks), and the manor of Bozeat (Northants), being of Lucy's inheritance, and they were regranted to William le Latimer for life, with remainder to William son of William and Lucy and his issue, and with further remainder to Lucy and her heirs. A divorce between them had been pronounced before 22 July 1312, when as daughter and heir of Richard [sic] de Thweng she was to be distrained for lands which she and her husband William le Latimer held before their divorce the King having taken her fealty and respited homage till midsummer. A grant by her to her late husband, dated 21 July 1312, gave him the manor of Sinnington for his life. She married, 2ndly, before 29 January 1312/3, Sir Robert DE EVERINGHAM, who died s.p., before 4 April 1316; and, 3rdly, Sir Bartholomew DE FANACOURT. She, who was born 24 March 1278/9, at Kilton Castle, died 8 January 1346/7, and was buried at Guisborough. [Complete Peerage VII:465-8, XIV:425, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]



3/24/1278, At the chapel of St. Peter in Kilton, Lucia de Thweng [granddaughter by son Robert] bapyized in the presence of Sir Richard de Thweng, Peter Mariscalus, Richard le Estyvor, Lucia, wife of Sir Marmaduke de Thweng, and her aunt Majory de Brus. (S) Cartularium Prioratus de Guseburne, Part 1119, 1889, P123.



Bef. 6/28/1284, Marmaduke died; his granddaughter Lucy his heiress: “haeres Marmaduci de Thwenge” in the King’s custody. [Lucy, d/o son Robert who was already deceased.] (S) The Archaeological Journal, V37, 1880, P186.

Family notes


Children of Marmaduke Thweng and Lucy de Brus:

  • i. Robert de Thweng (23640590), born ~1245 in England.
  • ii. Marmaduke de Thwenge, born ? in England. Marmaduke married Isabel, d/o Robert de Roos & Isabella d’Aubigny. Bef. 6/28/1284, Marmaduke was assigned custody of his niece Lucy, daughter of his deceased brother Robert. ... 1308, Marmaduke died seized of a fourth of the barony of Kendal; his son William his successor.


From 'Parishes: Bozeat', in A History of the County of Northampton: Volume 4, ed. L F Salzman (London, 1937), pp. 3-7. British History Online [accessed 3 February 2019].


Bozeat road sign

The other fee came to the Latimers through the Twengs and the Bruces, and was also for a time returned as held in chief by them. Robert de Tweng appears to have claimed view of frankpledge in Bozeat in 1275. (fn. 12) On 15 October 1285 the custody of the manor of Bozeat, during minority of the heir of Robert de Tweng, was granted to Roger de Fricurt, king's yeoman, (fn. 13) and in February 1294 the manor of Bozeat was in the king's hands by reason of the minority of Lucy daughter and heir of Robert de Tweng, tenant in chief. (fn. 14) Lucy had inherited property in the north as grand-daughter and heir of Marmaduke de Tweng and of Lucy sister and co-heir of Peter de Bruce. (fn. 15) In 1311 Lucy de Tweng and William Latimer her husband made a settlement of the manors of Danby, co. York, and of Bozeat, both of the inheritance of Lucy, (fn. 16) to William Latimer to hold for life, with remainder to William their son. (fn. 17)

Kilton Castle

From 'The wapentake of Langbaurgh (east): Brotton', in A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 2, ed. William Page (London, 1923), pp. 326-332. British History Online [accessed 3 February 2019].


Plan of Kilton Castle, Brotton

Kilton Castle was probably built by the Kilton family and was the residence of their successors the Thwengs, (fn. 5) Lucy de Thweng being born there in March 1278–9 (fn. 6); it afterwards passed into the hands of the Lumleys. (fn. 7) It is first mentioned in 1265, (fn. 8) when Ralph Prior of Guisborough granted a chantry in the chapel in Kilton Castle to Marmaduke de Thweng. (fn. 9) It must have been abandoned as a dwellingplace soon afterwards. In 1341 (fn. 10) and 1345 (fn. 11) the castle is described as small and worthless and the park, which is then first mentioned, as without game. The castle followed the descent of the manor and is last mentioned in 1696. (fn. 12)


The Manor of Kilton, the Chiltune of Domesday Book, was granted, with Skelton, to the De Brus family, from whom it passed, in marriage, to the Thwengs and the Lumleys. About the middle of last century it was purchased by an ancestor of J. T. Wharton, Esq., Skelton Castle, the present owner, who is also the principal landowner (1890).


Ruins of Kilton: The ruins are now strictly preserved, and no one is permitted to view them without first obtaining an order from the Skelton Estate Office, Saltburn.

Kilton Castle, now a mouldering ruin, stands on the crest of a knoll, whose base is laved by a rapid mountain torrent. It exhibits fine specimens of Norman architecture, and is supposed to have been built by Robert de Brus, about the same period as Skelton Castle, viz., the reign of King Stephen. As a fortress, it must have proved impregnable previous to the introduction of artillery; being placed on a high jutting eminence, surrounded by steep precipices, except to the west, where the ditches, foss, inner vallum, and traces of the barbican gate are distinctly observable. The summit of the promontory, 300 feet long and 60 broad, terminating in a narrow projecting ridge, is guarded by strong walls, still remaining. The entrance to the castle from the west is clearly indicated by an ancient road, tolerably perfect, although a portion has been torn up, the large stones being heaped up as we approached. The barbican, ramparts, and other outworks have disappeared; but the position of the great entrance gate may be easily traced, defended by deep ditches, one of which extends 100 feet in length, and measures 26 feet across. It is to be lamented that this noble ruin is not guarded with greater vigilance * Large portions of the stone facings have been hacked, hewed, and violently wrenched from the cement, by barbarians in the neighbourhood, for the purpose of repairing walls, and building byres, barns, and pigstyes. Still, at the western extremity, we trace the grand banquetting hall, 60 feet long by 59 broad. You gaze on the huge eastern watch tower, with its impenetrable walls, its small iron-barred windows, its narrow merlons, with chinks and gillots, where the keen bowmen peered on the advancing foe, or dealt out death on the enemies of their chief. Altogether, Kilton Castle must have proved the most powerful baronial fortress in Cleveland, and during the comparatively harmless days of crossbows, broad swords, and battle-axes, quite impregnable.

Kilton Castle does not appear to have played any conspicuous part in the great stirring events of medieval history. It was the chief seat of the Thweng Family, and here was born, in 1279, Lucia, the fair but frail daughter of Lord Robt de Thweng. Lucia married Robert de Everingham.

Divorce timeline


  • 1303: Lucy is allegedly 'abducted.'
  • Apr 1305: Latimer gets letters patent to arrest and retrieve Lucy. Doesn't happen.
  • c.1306: Lucy starts filing for divorce from Latimer. Claims consanguinity. Latimer was violent, so she couldn't go back and live with him.
  • Apr 1307: summoned to answer to charges of adultery with Meynell. Found guilty.
  • 1309: Sentenced to penance at Watton Priory, but disappears.
  • Jan 1310: Separates from Meynell.
  • shortly before Jul 1312: Divorce from Latimer finalized. Lucy is now 34.



Thirteenth Century England IX: Proceedings of the Durham Conference 2001 edited by Michael Prestwich, R. H. Britnell, Robin Frame. “An Everyday Story of Knightly Folk.” Page 156

Gisborough Priory


Gisborough Priory is a ruined Augustinian priory in Guisborough in the borough of Redcar and Cleveland and ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. It was founded in 1119 as the Priory of St Mary by the Norman feudal magnate Robert de Brus, also an ancestor of the Scottish king, Robert the Bruce.


Priory of St Mary of Gisborough Order Augustinian Established Around 1119

The Yorkshire line of the de Brus family died out with the death of the childless Peter IV de Brus in 1272 but the priory was still patronised by the local nobility. The Fauconberg and Thweng families, who married Peter's sisters Agnes and Lucia, took over the patronage which continued for several centuries. Many prominent local nobles were buried there, as was the Scottish Robert V de Brus, grandfather of King Robert the Bruce. At least nine patrons and their families were buried in the priory between 1295 and 1411.[22] The priory received substantial financial support from its patrons; in 1381 William, Lord Latimer provided funds to complete the north nave and donated £333 6s 8d (roughly equivalent to £1.6 million today) for a new belfry. He left the priory cattle from his manor at Ugthorpe, bequeathed a range of religious items, and made arrangements for his body to be interred there on his death.


  • Thirteenth Century England IX: Proceedings of the Durham Conference 2001 edited by Michael Prestwich, R. H. Britnell, Robin Frame. “An Everyday Story of Knightly Folk.” Pages 153 - 157 GoogleBooks
  • Surtees Society, (1889). Publications of the Surtees Society, (Vol. 86, pp. 123 - 126). GoogleBooks
  • Weis, F.L., Sheppard, W.L. & Beall, K.E. (2004). Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who Came to America Before 1700: Lineages from Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Other Historical Individuals. William Ryland Beall, Ed. Genealogical Publishing Co Page 95. GoogleBooks
  • Ord, J.W. (1846). The History and Antiquities of Cleveland: Comprising the Wapentake of East and West Langbargh, North Riding, County York, (pp.269) GoogleBooks
  • A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and ... By John Burke. Page 518. GoogleBooks
  • Cokayne, G.E. (1893). Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, Or Dormant, (Vol. 5). G. Bell & sons. Page 285. GoogleBooks
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Lucia de Thweng, heiress of Bozeat's Timeline

March 24, 1279
Kilton Castle, Brotton, North Riding of Yorkshire , England (United Kingdom)
Corby, Northamptonshire, England
Winterbourne, Gloucestershire, England (United Kingdom)
Danby, Yorkshire, England (United Kingdom)
Yorkshire, England (United Kingdom)
January 8, 1347
Age 67
Guisborough, North Riding of Yorkshire , England (United Kingdom)
June 17, 1933
Age 67