Mar Solomon Shealtiel, "Felez Ferruz" Pattish Hahazak Nasi Nasi, Vizier

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Mar Solomon Shealtiel (Vizier), "Felez Ferruz" Pattish Hahazak Nasi Nasi, Vizier

Dutch: bar Mar Shealtiel, Nasi, Vizier, Hebrew: מר שלמה שאלתיאל, פטיש החזק
Birthplace: Baghdad, Baghdad Governorate, Iraq
Death: 1060 (42-43)
Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Immediate Family:

Son of Yitzhak ben Chyzkia
Husband of Reina Shaltiel
Father of Yosef "Cidellus" ibn Ferruzi'el, Nasi of Toledo, Vizier, Lt of El Cid; Druda "Reina" "Reina" Bat Mar bat Mar Shealtiel; Shmuel "The Castilian" and Bonadona Bat Mar Shealtiel Ibn bat Mar Shealtiel Ibn Lakhtush
Brother of Yosef Oroved Nasi and Mar Menachem ben Yitzhak, Nasi

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About Mar Solomon Shealtiel, "Felez Ferruz" Pattish Hahazak Nasi Nasi, Vizier

We learn from "Chronica del Famoso Cavallero Cid Ruydiez Campeador" that he was in Najera (Kingdom of Navarre) under the flag of "El Cid" commanding 50 knights. Mar Shealtiel rides under a Roman Catholic Christian Flag of Alfonso VI while his peer, from County of Portugal, rides under the same falg at different points in time.

But Mar Shealtiel is not alone in his role as a Knight. A separate branch of Nasi'im has aligned itself with King Afonso Henriques...and he is a Captain in Afonso Henriques' army with 50 horse-mounted knights and a large number of foot soldiers. Sisnando (or Sesnando) Davides (also Davídez, Davídiz, or Davidiz, and sometimes just David; died 25 August 1091) was a Mozarab nobleman and military leader of the Reconquista, born in Tentúgal, near Coimbra. Sisnando was a contemporary and acquaintance of El Cid, just as Mar Shealtiel, but his sphere of activity was in Iberia's southwest.

Contemporary historians claim Sisnando Davidiz was captured during a raid by Abbad II al-Mu'tadid of Seville and taken into the service of the latter. However, relations between Jewish Exilarchs and Muslim Caliph's, In al-Andalus, were excellent in this region at that time. It was common for a Jewish Exilarch to send his son to live among a Caliph's Family in order to gain leverage over the Exilarch. To the Arabs he was known as Shishnando. He served al-Mutadid as an administrator and ambassador, but he left Seville and entered the service of Ferdinand I of León in an identical capacity.

In the following years the towns of Galicia from Guimarães down to Coimbra were captured from the Moors, the latter on Sisnando's advice in 1064 or 1069, with Sisnando leading the siege and being granted the countship of the region south of the Douro from Lamego to the sea after his success. He took the title aluazir (vizier) de Coimbra.

Sisnando accompanied Alfonso VI in his campaign around Seville and Granada (Garcõna Gomez and Menendez Pidal 1947: 34) - therefore he MUST have interacted with Yosef ibn Ferruziel, son of Mar Shealtiel, at least twice since Ferruziel was personal Physician of King Alfonso VI. Sisnando was involved with Alfonso in the attacks on Granada in 1073, in an attempt to reconquer the main Muslim strongholds (Tibi 1986: 90). The pursuit of Seville was later called off in 1075 (Tibi 1986: 224, note 226). In the same year, Sisnando was with Alfonso VI in Oviedo twice, first assisting at Court, where the Cid was also present, and later acting as a judge in a dispute over a monastery (Garcõna Gomez and MeneÂndez Pidal 1947: 30). Between 1076 and 1080 Sisnando was in Zaragoza as an ambassador for the King, and was attached to Alfonso VI’s court during the siege of Toledo in 1085.

Sisnando, on three (3) separate occassions, (1076, 1080, and 1088) acted as an envoy from Alfonso VI to the taifa of Zaragoza, and on another occasion to Abd Allah, the last Zirid king of Granada. So herein, we see that two (2) branches of Exilarchs, are personal advisors and confidants of the Kings of Aragon, Castile and Portugal.

Josef ibn Ferruzi'el is Nasi of all the Jews in the kingdom of Alfonso VI - he is the wealthiest Jew in Aragon and Castile. He owns large estates in and around Toledo, which he acquired after 1085, that were confiscated by the crown upon his death.

The Chronicle of the Cid - "Chronica del Famoso Cavallero Cid Ruydiez Campeador" was first published in 1552. Southey based his translation on the edition published in Burgos in 1593.

Book IX Chapter I: "And the Cid departed from Valencia, and with him went Alvar Fanez Minaya with two hundred knights, and Pero Bermudez with one hundred, and Martin Antolinez with fifty, and Martin Ferrandez with other fifty, and Felez (Feliz) Ferruz [Ancestor of Nasi Joseph ben Solomon ibn Shoshan Al-Hajib ibn Amar a/k/a Yosef ben Solomon ibn Shoshan, Nasi] and Benito Sanchez with fifty each;...these were five hundred knights."

Thus begins this branch's affiliation with the name Cavallera - "Knight"

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Mar Solomon Shealtiel, "Felez Ferruz" Pattish Hahazak Nasi Nasi, Vizier's Timeline

Baghdad, Baghdad Governorate, Iraq
Almerםa, Almeria, Andalucia, Spain
Almería, Almería, Andalusia, Spain
Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Age 43
Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain