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About Mary Caudill

DAR Ancestor < A023691 > rank: prívate, Pension Number: *S30344

Wife of James Caudill listed as XX at DAR but as Mary Adams in their record for Abigail (Caudill) Pennington.

History of Elliott County, Kentucky, 1869-1990, Vol. II

Vet. Revolutionary War Kings Mountain. Left Virginia ca. 1780 to Wilkes County, NC. James and his family eventually settled in Perry County, KY (now Letcher County). A Kentucky Highway Marker honoring James was erected on Kentucky Route 7, near the small cemetery where he is buried. The Marker reads as follows: "James Caudill, born in Virginia in 1753, first came to Big Cowen Creek in 1781. Because of Indians, he took his family back to North Carolina. Returning here in 1792 with his family, he built a cabin, stayed several years then went back to North Carolina. They settled here permanently in 1811. He was progenitor to a large widespread mountain family. He died in 1840." He died saying that he did not want his dust to mingle with another's soil. He was buried on his own land on Rockhouse Creek, in Perry County, KY (now Letcher County).

In his early manhood he married the daughter of a Revolutionary soldier, before settling in Eastern Kentucky had three sons, all three of whom were born back in North Carolina and soon followed the head to its new location. As soon as the skies of hope in the new land began to clear James Caudill with his three sons, William, Henry and Isom, and others who migrated with him began to make themselves felt in hewing out the forests, building homes, erecting church and school houses and otherwise clearing the way for progress and civilization.

The first the records now in existence show of James Caudill was in 1820 when he became a charter member of the old Oven Fork Church, organized on Cumberland river in what was then Harlan County. In the same old record is found the names of William Caudill, specified as one of the deacons of the church, and his wife, Nancy Caudill, is recorded as one of the deaconesses. Henry, the oldest of the family, had seven sons and two daughters.

These were Stephen, born 1810; James, 1816; Henry H., 1818; Billie, 1820; Isom, 1822; Ben, 1824; Jesse, 1826 and David, 1828. James Caudill's daughter, Abagail, and William Pennington, her husband, are also mentioned in the old Oven Fork record as among the first deaconesses and deacons of that church.

Copied from the Cordell Clippings (a semi annual newsletter of the Cordell Association), No. 10, Jan. 1994, Page 13 & 14:

Listed with DAR Library as Codill, James # A023691

Per Robin Caudill: James, Jr. is the s/o James, Sr. and Mary Yarborough. He married to Mary (Adams)-d/o Benjamin and Henrietta "Henny" (Caudill) Adams on 9 Feb 1785

Family links: Parents: James Caudill (1720 - ____) Mary Yarborough Caudill (1730 - ____)

Spouse: Mary Adams Caudill (1753 - 1815)*


  • William C. "Billy" Caudill (1779 - 1880)
  • Elizabeth Caudill Adams (1782 - ____)
  • Sampson Caudill (1784 - 1863)
  • Henry H. Caudill (1785 - 1856)
  • Thomas Caudill (1786 - ____)
  • Isom Caudill (1789 - 1892)
  • Stephen Caudill (1793 - ____)
  • Jesse P. Caudill (1795 - 1891)
  • Sarah Caudill Caudill (1795 - ____)*


I also have information that she was born in 1760. She died some time between 1815 and 1820. This part of Perry County became Letcher County in 1842. She is the daughter of Benjamin and Henrietta (Caudill) Adams, and a sister to Sarah Adams who married James, Jr's brother Stephen (buried at Watty Caudill cemetery in Letcher Co., KY)


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Mary Caudill's Timeline

August 12, 1750
Ashe, North Carolina, USA
March 27, 1767
Wilkes County, North Carolina, United States
United States
Roaring River, Wilkes, North Carolina, United States
Lunenburg, Virginia, United States
Lunenburg, Lunenburg, Virginia, United States
Cherokee, South Carolina, USA
Wilkes County, North Carolina, United States
July 27, 1779
Wilkes County, North Carolina, United States