Maud de Braose, Baroness Mortimer

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Maud de Braose, Lady Mortimer, Baroness Wigmore

Also Known As: "Maud /Braose/", "Mathilda /De Braose/ Baronness of Wigmore", "Matilda de Brewes", "Maud"
Birthplace: Bramber Castle, Sussex, England
Death: March 20, 1301 (74-75)
Ludlow, Herefordshire, England
Place of Burial: Gower, Wales
Immediate Family:

Daughter of William de Braose, Baron Abergavenny and Eva Marshal, Baroness Abergavenny
Wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer
Mother of Isabella de Mortimer, Countess of Arundel; Ralph de Mortimer, of Wigmore; Edmund de Mortimer, 2nd Baron Mortimer of Wigmore; Sir Geoffrey de Mortimer; Roger de Mortimer, of Chirke and 2 others
Sister of Isabella de Braose; Eleanor de Braose, Countess of Hereford and Eva de Braose, Lady Abergavenny

Occupation: Baroness Wigmore
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Maud de Braose, Baroness Mortimer



Maud de Braose is one of those brilliant medieval women someone really should write a novel about. She was born, probably in the late 1220s, as one of the four daughters of William de Braose, who was hanged by Llywelyn the Great in 1230 for his adulterous affair with Llywelyn's wife Joanna, illegitimate daughter of King John (fans of Sharon Penman will be familiar with the story, recounted in Here Be Dragons). Maud's mother Eva was one of the daughters of the great William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke and Regent of England (died 1219). Maud de Braose, Lady Mortimer, died in 1301, in her seventies.
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Maud de Braose


d. circa 23 March 1300/1
Last Edited=4 May 2009

Maud de Braose was the daughter of William de Briouze and Eva Marshal. She married Roger de Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore, son of Ralph de Mortimer and Gwladus Du (?), in 1247.1 She died circa 23 March 1300/1.2

Child of Maud de Braose and Roger de Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore

  1. Edmund de Mortimer, 1st Lord Mortimer+ b. bt 1270 - 1275, d. 1304


  1. G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume IX, page 280.
  2. Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume IX, page 281.

Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore (1224- 1300/23 March 1301)[1] was a noble heiress and a member of the powerful de Braose family which held many lordships and domains in the Welsh Marches. She was the wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore, a celebrated soldier and Marcher baron. A staunch Royalist during the Second Barons' War, it was she who devised the plan to rescue Prince Edward (the future King Edward I of England) from the custody of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester.[2]

Maud was born in Wales in 1224, the second eldest daughter and co-heiress of Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny and Eva Marshal.

Maud had three sisters, Isabella, wife of Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn; Eleanor, wife of Humphrey de Bohun; and Eve, wife of William de Cantelou.

Her paternal grandparents were Reginald de Braose, 9th Baron Abergavenny and Grecia de Briwere. Her maternal grandparents were William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke, daughter of Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster.

On 2 May 1230, when Maud was just six years old, her father was hanged by orders of Llewelyn the Great, Prince of Wales for alleged adultery with the latter's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales.

The ruins of Wigmore Castle, the principal residence of Maud de Braose and Roger Mortimer. Bramber Castle, held by the de Braose family, is located in Bramber, Sussex, England.

Marriage and Children
In 1247[3] Maud married Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore. As the eldest son of Ralph de Mortimer and his Welsh wife, Princess Gwladys Ddu, Roger was himself a scion of another important Marcher family, and had succeeded to the Lordship of Wigmore in 1246, upon the death of his father. Maud was seven years his senior, and they had been betrothed since childhood. On the occasion of their marriage, the honour of Radnor passed from the de Braose to the Mortimer family.[4] Her marriage portion was some land at Tetbury which she inherited from her grandfather, Reginald de Braose.[5]She also had inherited the Manor of Charlton sometime before her marriage.[6] Roger and Maud's principal residence was the Mortimers' family seat, Wigmore Castle in Herefordshire.

Roger and Maud together had seven children:[7]

  1. Ralph Mortimer (died before 10 August 1274), Sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire.
  2. Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Wigmore (1251-17 July 1304), married Margaret de Fiennes, daughter of William II de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne, by whom he had issue, including Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March.
  3. Isabella Mortimer (died after 1300), married firstly, John Fitzalan, 7th Earl of Arundel, by whom she had issue; she married secondly, Ralph d'Arderne; she married thirdly, Robert de Hastang.[8]
  4. Margaret Mortimer (died September 1297), married Robert de Vere, 6th Earl of Oxford, by whom she had one son.
  5. Roger Mortimer of Chirk (died 3 August 1336 Tower of London), married Lucy de Wafre, by whom he had one son. He was sentenced to life imprisonment for having participated in the rebellion of Thomas of Lancaster in 1321.
  6. Geoffrey Mortimer (died before 1282), he was unmarried.
  7. William Mortimer (died before June 1297), married as her first husband, Hawise de Muscegros.

Prince Edward after becoming King Edward I of England. It was Maud de Braose who devised his escape from custody during the Second Barons' War

Rescue of Prince Edward
Maud was described as beautiful and nimble-witted.[9]During the Second Barons' War, she also proved to be a staunch Royalist. It was Maud herself who devised a plan for the escape of Prince Edward after he had been taken hostage by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester following the Battle of Lewes. On 28 May 1265, when the Prince was held in custody at Hereford Castle, Maud sent a party of horsemen to spirit him away to Wigmore Castle while he was out in the open fields, some distance from the castle, taking exercise by racing horses with his unsuspecting guardians as she had instructed him to do in the messages she had smuggled to him previously. At a signal from one of the horsemen, Edward galloped off to join the party of his liberators, where they escorted him to Wigmore Castle, twenty miles away, where Maud was waiting. She gave the Prince refreshments before sending him on to Ludlow Castle[10]where he met up with the Earl of Gloucester who had defected to the side of the King.

At the Battle of Evesham on 4 August 1265, Maud's husband Roger fought on the side of Prince Edward, and personally killed Simon de Montfort. As a reward, Roger was given de Montfort's severed head and other parts of his anatomy. Roger sent these gruesome trophies home to Wigmore Castle as a gift to Maud.[11]She held a great feast that very night to celebrate the victory. De Montfort's head was raised in the Great Hall, still attached to the point of the lance.[12]

In 1300, Maud is recorded as having presented to a vacant benefice in the Stoke Bliss parish church in Herefordshire, its advowson having originally belonged to the Mortimers, but was bequeathed to Limebrook Priory by Roger.[13] Maud died on an unknown date sometime between 1300 and 23 March 1301. She was buried in Wigmore Abbey. Her husband Roger had died on 30 October 1282.

All the monarchs of England from 1413, as well as Mary, Queen of Scots, were directly descended from Maud, as is the current British Royal Family. Queen consorts Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard were also notable descendants of Maud de Braose through the latter's daughter Isabella, Countess of Arundel.


  1. Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, [England, Earls created 1207-1466]
  2. Thomas B. Costain, The Magnificent Century, pages 292-294
  3. Cawley, Medieval Lands, England, Earls created 1207-1466
  4. Parishes: Stoke Bliss, A History of the County of Worcester: Volume 4, pp.349-354, fn10, edited by William Page and J.W. Willis-Bund, 1924, report.aspx? Maud Mortimer, Lady Wigmore, retrieved 17 February 2009
  5. Tetbury:Manors and other estates, A History of the County of Gloucester, Volume 11: Bisley and Longtree Hundreds, fn67, pps. 264-269, edited by N.M Herbert and R. B. Pugh, 1976
  6. Tetbury:Manors and other estates, A History of the County of Gloucester, Volume 11: Bisley and Longtree Hundreds, fn 25, pp.264-269, edited by N.M. Herbert and R.B. Pugh, 1976
  7. Cawley, Medieval Lands, England, Earls created 1207-1466
  8. Cawley, Medieval Lands, England, Earls created 1207-1466
  9. Thomas B. Costain, The Magnificent Century, p.290
  10. Costain, The Magnificent Century, pages 292-294
  11. Paul Martin Remfry,The Evesham Campaign of 1265 From Contemporary Sources, 1994-2007,
  12. Costain, The Magnificent Century, p.308
  13. Parishes:Stoke Bliss, A History of the County of Worcester, Volume 4, pp.349-354, fn95, edited by William Page and J. W. Willis-Bund, 1924
  14. Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, England, Earls created 1207-1466
  15. Thomas B. Costain, The Magnificent Century, Doubleday and Company, Inc., Garden City, New York, 1959
  16. The Evesham Campaign of 1265 From Contemporary Sources, by Paul Martin Remfry, 1994-2007,

Retrieved from [,_Baroness_Wigmore]

Do not merge this mother to ANY relationship with the de Mortimers. She is holding a place until I can verify that there are no more Ralph de Monthermer's incorrectly linked to the de Mortimers. Then she shall be divorced from the de Mortimer clan, and be a place holder for Ralph de MOnthemer's mother, who is currently unknown.

Maud DE BRAOSE was born in 1215 in I descend from her sister also. She died on 20 Mar 1300/1. Parents: William DE BRAOSE , Lord of Abergavenny and Eve MARSHALL.

Spouse: Roger DE MORTIMER , Lord of Wigmore. Children were: Isabella DE MORTIMER, Ralph DE MORTIMER, Lord Edmond DE MORTIMER, Geoffrey DE MORTIMER, Roger DE MORTIMER, William DE MORTIMER.

Spouse: Rhys Mechyll Ap Rhys GRYG. Children were: Gwenlion Ferch RHYS, Lleucu Ferch RHYS, Rhys Fychan Ap RHYS, Dafydd Ap RHYS.

  • Maud was also called Lady Mortimore of Wigmore.
  • Maud received the head of Simon de Montfort from her husband Roger as a trophy in 1265.
  • Maud de Braose died before 20 March 1301.

See "My Lines" []
from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

  • Born into powerful Welsh family
  • Said to be beautiful and "nimble-witted"
  • Rescued Prince Edward from captivity by barons
  • Seven children

Primary sources needed. Not listed in FMG MedLands data base as a child of William IV de Braose and Mathilda de Clare.

CALENDAR OF PATENT ROLLS. 1252 MEMBRANE 11d. Feb. 24.Westminster. Commission to the abbot of Persore, the prior of Hurle and Walerand le Tieis, to extend all the lands late of William de Brause father of Maud wife of Roger de Mortuo Mari, Eve wife of William de Cantilupo and Eleanor wife of Humphrey de Boun, and to make a partition thereof according to the form of the concord made between them before the king, sent herewith.


Reference: MyHeritage Family Trees -
SmartCopy: Oct 3 2016, 16:47:27 UTC

Primary sources needed. Not listed in FMG MedLands data base as a child of William IV de Braose and Mathilda de Clare.



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Maud de Braose, Baroness Mortimer's Timeline

Bramber Castle, Sussex, England
Wigmore, Herefordshire, England (United Kingdom)
Wigmore, Herefordshire, England
October 27, 1252
Wigmore, Herefordshire, England
of, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England
Wigmore Castle, Herfordshire, England