Padarn of the Scarlet Robe, Commander of the Votadini

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Padarn Beisrudd ap Tegid

Welsh: Padarn Beisrudd Tegid
Also Known As: "Beisrudd", "The Red Robe", "Red Tunic", "of the Red Robe", "Paternus (Padarn) Beisrudd "Of the Scarlet Robe") ap Tegid", "Padarn of the Scarlet Robe"
Death: circa 402 (68-85)
Immediate Family:

Son of Tegid Tacitus ap Iago
Father of Edern Aeturnus ap Padarn

Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Padarn of the Scarlet Robe, Commander of the Votadini

See Peter Bartrum, (February 3, 2023; Anne Brannen, curator)

See Darrell Wolcott, "Beli Mawr and Llyr Llediath in Welsh Pedigrees," -- for help in untangling these lines. (May 18, 2016, Anne Brannen, curator)

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Beli Mawr and Llyr Llediath in Welsh Pedigrees; . (Steven Ferry, Aug 25, 2019)

Please see Darrell Wolcott; Constans I and his A.D. 343 Visit to Britain; (Steven Ferry, February 16, 2020.)

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Harleian Ms 3859; (Steven Ferry, March 8, 2021.)

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Foundations of 'The Men of the North' - Part 1; (Steven Ferry, July 2, 2021.)

Please see Darrell Wolcott: Foundations of 'The Men of the North' - Part 2; (Steven Ferry, July 9, 2021.)

Padarn Beisrudd From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Padarn Beisrudd ap Tegid literally translates as Paternus of the Scarlet Robe, son of Tegid. His father may have borne the Roman name of Tacitus. Padarn is believed to have been born in the early 4th century in the Old North (or Hen Ogledd) of Roman Britain. According to Old Welsh tradition, his grandson, Cunedda certainly came from Manaw Gododdin, the modern Clackmannanshire region of Scotland.

One traditional interpretation identifies Padarn as a Roman (or Romano-British) official of reasonably high rank who had been placed in command of Votadini troops stationed in Clackmannanshire in the 380s or earlier by the Emperor Magnus Maximus. Alternatively, he may have been a frontier chieftain in the same region who was granted Roman military rank, a practice attested elsewhere along the empire's borders at the time.

His command in modern Scotland likely lasted till his death and was then assumed by his son Edern. Edern was the father of Cunedda, founder of the Kingdom of Gwynedd.

The coat of Padarn Redcoat is one of the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain.

The Life of Saint Padarn contains a story about how King Arthur tried to steal his tunic, which suggests a link or borrowing of a legend connected with Padarn Redcoat.

The nationality of Paternus of Britain was Roman (evidently he was a Celt with Roman citizenship). He was also called Padarn Beisrudd ap Tegid.

See "My Lines" ( ) from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

Paternus Pasrut (of the Red) Prince of Britain Born : Abt. 305 Father Tacitus ap Cein Prince of Britain Mother Marriage ? Children Abt. 340 - Aeternus ap Padeyrn Prince of Britain
Forrás / Source:

Padarn Beisrudd or Paternus 'Of The Red Tunic/Of The Red Robe'.

Alternatively: Patern Pesrut, Paternus

"Beisrudd" means "of the Red Robe," which may suggest the official purple garb of the Roman Administration.

Wikipedia puts the dates of Yr Hen Ogledd as about 550 to 800 CE.

Almost nothing is reliably known of Central Britain before c. 550. There had never been a period of long-term, effective Roman control north of the Tyne–Solway line, and south of that line effective Roman control ended long before the traditionally given date of departure of the Roman military from Roman Britain in 407. It was noted in the writings of Ammianus Marcellinus and others that there was ever-decreasing Roman control from the 2nd century onward, and in the years after 360 there was widespread disorder and the large-scale permanent abandonment of territory by the Romans.

By 550, the region was controlled by Brittonic-speaking peoples except for the eastern coastal areas, which were controlled by the Anglian peoples of Bernicia and Deira. To the north were the Picts, themselves also called Manau with the Gaelic kingdom of Dál Riata to the northwest. All of these peoples would play a role in the history of the Old North.

The link has a map which shows the Votadini tribal lands.

In the 4th century ...the Romans still ruled over most of Britain, dividing it into four provinces. They controlled a small area north of the eastern section of Hadrian's Wall, but the rest of the north was the domain of numerous British & Pictish tribes.

The Votadini were a Celtic people of the Iron Age in Great Britain. Their territory was in what is now south-east Scotland and north-east England, extending south of the Firth of Forth and extended from the Stirling area down to the English River Tyne, including at its peak what are now the Falkirk, Lothian and Borders regions of eastern Scotland, and Northumberland in north east England. They were briefly part of the Roman province Britannia.