Philip of Swabia, King of Germany

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King Philipp von Hohenstaufen, herzogin von Schwaben

Spanish: Felipe de Hohenstaufen, rey de Alemania, German: Philipp von Hohenstaufen, König der Deutschen
Also Known As: "Philip of Swabia Duke of Swabia", "Holy Roman Emperor", "Philipp II Hohenstaufen King of Germany Duke of Swabia Margrave of Tuscany", "King Phillippe of the Romans", "Philip King of Germany", "Philipp von Schwaben", "Philip King of Germany"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Pavia, Lombardy, Italy (H.R.E.)
Death: June 21, 1208 (30)
Bamberg, Oberfranken, Bayern, Germany (H.R.R.) (first German King to be assassinated )
Place of Burial: Domplatz, Speyer, RP, 67346, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Friedrich I Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor and Beatrice of Burgundy
Husband of Irini Maria Angelina
Father of Maria von Hohenstaufen; Elizabeth of Swabia; Frederick Hohenstaufen; Reinald Hohenstaufen; Kunigunde von Schwaben and 1 other
Brother of Sophie von Staufen, de Bourgogne; Beatrix von Hohenstaufen, Princess of The Holy Roman Empire; Frederick V Hohenstaufen, duke of Swabia; Conrad Frederick VI Hohenstaufen, duke of Swabia; Gisela of Swabia and 7 others

Occupation: Burggraf i Würzburg 1191
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Philip of Swabia, King of Germany

Philipp von Schwaben

Predecessor: Henry VI Successor: Otto IV

  • Duke of Swabia: Reign 1196–1208

Predecessor: Conrad II Successor: Frederick VI

Philip av Swabia var en prins av huset til Hohenstaufen og kongen av Tyskland fra 1198 til 1208. I den langvarige kampen om den tyske tronen ved keiseren Henry VIs død mellom Hohenstaufen og Welf-dynastiene, var han den første tyske kongen å bli myrdet.


-http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/GERMANY,%20Kings.htm#Philippdied1208

10. PHILIPP von Staufen ([Feb/Mar 1177]-murdered Bamberg 21 Jun 1208, bur Speyer cathedral). The Annales Stadenses names (in order) "Heinrici imperatoris et Conradi Suevi et Friderici ducis Sueviæ et Ottonis sine terra et Philippi" as sons of "Beatrix imperatrix" when recording her death[594]. William of Tyre (Continuator) names him as son of Emperor Friedrich[595]. Provost of St Maria at Aachen 1189/90. Elected Bishop of Würzburg in 1190. He resigned his ecclesiastical appointments in 1193. He was installed as Duke of Tuscany by his brother in 1195. He succeeded his brother in 1196 as PHILIPP Duke of Swabia. Although, after the death of his older brother Emperor Heinrich VI, Philipp at first supported the succession of his nephew, later Emperor Friedrich II, he was elected as PHILIPP King of Germany at Ichtershausen 6 Mar and at Mühlhausen, Thürgau 8 Mar 1198, crowned at Mainz 8 Sep 1198 by the archbishop of Tarentasia[596]. Meanwhile Otto of Brunswick had been elected as king in Jun 1198 and was crowned at Aachen in Jul 1198 by the archbishop of Köln, although he was unable to attract support within Germany despite backing from Pope Innocent III[597]. King Philipp supported the claim to the Byzantine throne of his brother-in-law Alexios Angelos, who had sought refuge at his court in 1201[598]. He and Alexios promised the leaders of the Fourth Crusade enormous sums in return for assisting in the removal of Emperor Alexios III[599]. After attracting the support of Adolf Archbishop of Köln from his rival King Otto, Philipp was crowned again at Aachen in Jan 1205[600]. Philipp was finally absolved from excommunication in Aug 1207, and negotiations were underway in Rome between his representatives and those of his rival over the allocation of lands in central Italy[601] when King Philipp was murdered by Otto von Wittelsbach, in revenge for the annulment of his betrothal to Philipp's daughter[602]. The Annales Stadenses record that "rex Philippus" was killed by "comite de Witilspach in Bavenberg …XI Kal Iul" and that he was buried at Speyer[603].

m (betrothed 2/3 Apr 1195, [Bari] 25 May 1197) as her second husband, EIRENE Angelina, widow of ROGER joint King of Sicily, daughter of Emperor ISAAKIOS II & his first wife [Eirene] [Tornikaina] ([1180/84]-Burg Hohenstaufen 27 Aug 1208, bur Kloster Lorch). Niketas Choniates records that Emperor Alexios had "ex priore coniuge…filiabus duabus et uno filio", of whom "[filiam] alteram" married "Siciliam regis Tangris filio"[604]. The Annales Casenses record the marriage in 1193 of "filiam imperatoris Constantinopolitani" and "Roggerus filio suo [=Tancredi]"[605]. The Ryccardus de Sancti Germano Chronica in 1191 record the marriage at Brindisis of "Ysacho Constantinopolitano imperatorie de Urania filia sua" and Roger elder son of Tancredo[606]. Her second marriage with Duke Philipp is recorded by William of Tyre (Continuator), who names her father without naming her[607]. The Continuatio Admuntensis records the marriage of "Tanachredus Tanachredi filius viduam, Constantinopolitani imperatoris filiam" and "Philippus Romanorum imperatoris germanus"[608]. She was among those taken prisoner by Emperor Heinrich VI King of Germany when he invaded Sicily in 1194. Niketas Choniates records that "Irene Isaacii imperatoris filia" was abducted from Sicily and married to "notho fratri Alemanniæ Philippo"[609]. She adopted the name MARIA on her second marriage. The necrology of Speyer cathedral records the death "VI Kal Sep" of "Maria regina Philippi regis contectalis, nata de Grecia" and the donations which she made to found the anniversaries "in octava Martini…patris eius et matris eius…Ysaac et matre Herina" and "fratris…eius et sororis eius tercia die post festum Michahelis…Manuel fratre, Effrosina sorore"[610].

 King Philipp & his wife had seven children: 

view all 14

Philip of Swabia, King of Germany's Timeline

1177
August 1177
Pavia, Lombardy, Italy (H.R.E.)
1198
1198
Schwaben, Bayern Lande, Germany
1200
1200
Swabia, Germany
1201
April 3, 1201
Arezzo, Tuscany, Italy
1201
1205
March 1205
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, BY, Germany
1205
1208
June 21, 1208
Age 30
Bamberg, Oberfranken, Bayern, Germany (H.R.R.)
1208
Age 30
Domplatz, Speyer, RP, 67346, Germany