Ramon Berenguer IV "the Saint" count of Barcelona

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Count Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona, the Saint

Catalan: comte Ramon Berenguer IV de Barcelona, el Sant, Spanish: conde Ramón Berenguer IV de Barcelona, el Santo, French: comte Raimond-Bérenger IV de Barcelone, le Saint
Also Known As: "el Sant"
Birthplace: Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Death: August 06, 1162 (48-49)
Borgo San Dalmazzo, Provincia di Cuneo, Piemonte, Italy
Immediate Family:

Son of Ramon Berenguer III "the Great" count of Barcelona and Douce I de Gévaudan, comtesse de Provence
Husband of Petronila Ramírez, reina de Aragón
Ex-partner of N.N.
Father of Ramón Berenguer de Barcelona, arzobispo de Narbona; Pedro, infante de Aragón; Alfonso II el Casto, rey de Aragón; Raimond Bérenger III, comte de Provence; Dulce de Aragão, rainha-consorte de Portugal and 1 other
Brother of Ximena (Ximena) Foix, comtesse d'Osona; Bérenger-Raimond I, comte de Provence; Bernat, Infant de Barcelona; Berenguela de Barcelona, reina consorte de León y Castilla; Estefania de Barcelona, vescomte consort de Dacs and 2 others
Half brother of Maria de Barcelona

Occupation: Count of Barcelona, Gerona, Osona & Cerdaña 1131-1162, Prince (king in fact) of Aragon 1137-1162, Regent of Provence (for his nephew) 1144-1157
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Ramon Berenguer IV "the Saint" count of Barcelona

Attention homonymy with Raymond Bérenger IV, comte de Provence

Ramon Berenguer IV (Catalan pronunciation: [r%C9%99%CB%88mom bəɾəŋˈɡe]; c. 1114[1] – 6 August 1162, Anglicized Raymond Berengar IV), sometimes called the Saint, was the Count of Barcelona who brought about the union of his County of Barcelona with the Kingdom of Aragon to form the Crown of Aragon.

Early reign

Ramon Berenguer IV inherited the county of Barcelona from his father Ramon Berenguer III on 19 August 1131. On 11 August 1137, at the age of about 24, he was betrothed to the infant Petronilla of Aragon, aged one at the time. Petronilla's father, Ramiro II of Aragon, who sought Barcelona's aid against Alfonso VII of Castile, withdrew from public life on 13 November 1137, leaving his kingdom to Petronilla and Ramon Berenguer, the latter in effect becoming ruler of Aragon, although he was never king himself, instead commonly using the titles "Count of the Barcelonans and Prince of the Aragonians" (Comes Barcinonensis et Princeps Aragonensis), and occasionally those of "Marquis of Lleida and Tortosa" (after conquering these cities). He was the last Catalan ruler to use "Count" as his primary title; starting with his son Alfonso II of Aragon the counts of Barcelona styled themselves, in the first place, as kings of Aragon.

The treaty between Ramon Berenguer and his father-in-law, Ramiro II, stipulated that their descendants would rule jointly over both realms, and that even if Petronilla died before the marriage could be consummated, Berenguer's heirs would still inherit the Kingdom of Aragon.[2] Both realms would preserve their laws, institutions and autonomy, remaining legally distinct but federated in a dynastic union under one ruling House. Historians consider this arrangement the political masterstroke of the Hispanic Middle Ages. Both realms gained greater strength and security and Aragon got its much needed outlet to the sea. On the other hand, formation of a new political entity in the north-east at the time when Portugal seceded from León in the west gave more balance to the Christian kingdoms of the peninsula. Ramon Berenguer successfully pulled Aragon out of its pledged submission to Castile, aided no doubt by his sister Berengaria, wife of Alfonso the Emperor, who was well known in her time for her beauty and charm.

Crusades and wars

In the middle years of his rule, Ramon Berenguer turned his attention to campaigns against the Moors. In October 1147, as part of the Second Crusade, he helped Castile to conquer Almería. He then invaded the lands of the Almoravid taifa kingdoms of Valencia and Murcia. In December 1148, he captured Tortosa after a five-month siege with the help of Southern French, Anglo-Norman and Genoese crusaders.[3] (When Moors later tried to recapture Tortosa, the women put up such a spirited defense that Berenger created for them the Order of the Hatchet.) The next year, Fraga, Lleida and Mequinenza in the confluence of the Segre and Ebro rivers fell to his army.

Ramon Berenguer also campaigned in Provence, helping his brother Berenguer Ramon and his infant nephew Ramon Berenguer II against the Counts of Toulouse. During the minority of Ramon Berenguer II, the Count of Barcelona also acted as the regent of Provence (between 1144 and 1157). In 1151, Ramon signed the Treaty of Tudilén with Alfonso VII of León and Castile. The treaty defined the zones of conquest in Andalusia as an attempt to prevent the two rulers from coming into conflict. Also in 1151, Ramon Berenguer founded and endowed the royal monastery of Poblet. In 1154, he accepted the regency of Gaston V of Béarn in return for the Bearnese nobles rendering him homage at Canfranc, thus uniting that small principality with the growing Aragonese empire.


Ramon Berenguer IV died on 6 August 1162 in Borgo San Dalmazzo, Piedmont, Italy, leaving the title of Count of Barcelona to his eldest surviving son, Ramon Berenguer, who inherited the title of King of Aragon after the abdication of his mother Petronilla of Aragon two years later in 1164. He changed his name to Alfonso as a nod to his Aragonese lineage, and became Alfonso II of Aragon. Ramon Berenguer IV's younger son Pere (Peter) inherited the county of Cerdanya and lands north of the Pyrenees, and changed his name to Ramon Berenguer.

Appearance and character

The Chronicle of San Juan de la Peña said he was, "[a] man of particularly great nobility, prudence, and probity, of lively temperament, high counsel, great bravery, and steady intellect, who displayed great temperance in all his actions. He was handsome in appearance, with a large body and very well-proportioned limbs."



Ramon «den Hellige» var

Greve av Barcelona 1131-1162.

Fyrste av Aragon 1137 - 1162.

Greve av Provence 1144-1162 (som Raimond Berenguer I).

Ramon var den siste som hadde titelen greve av Barcelona. Ifølge sin fars testamente arvet han i 1131 som den førstefødte grevskapene Barcelona, Tarragona, Manresa, Gerona, Ausona, Peralada, Besalù, Vallespir, Fonollet, Perapertusa, Cerdaña, Conflet, Carcasona og Redés. 11.08.1137 ble han konge av Aragon.91

Ramon was the last one to have the title of Conde de Barcelona. Acording his fathers will,

he inherit in 1131 as the first born the countys of Barcelona, Tarragona, Manresa, Gerona, Ausona, Peralada, Besalu, Vallespir, Fonollet, Perapertusa, Cerdana, Conflet, Carcasona and Redes. 08.11.1137 he became king of Aragon.

91 Erich Brandenburg: Die Nachkommen Karls des Grossen. Leipzig 1935. Mogens Bugge: Våre forfedre, nr. 1001. Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, Bind 2 (1933), side 418. Bent og Vidar Billing Hansen: Rosensverdslektens forfedre, side 16, 25.

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Ramon Berenguer IV "the Saint" count of Barcelona's Timeline

Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
August 19, 1131
Age 18
Count of Barcelona
Age 18
also, Count of, Province, France
Age 18
also, Count of, Province, France
Age 18
also, Count of, Province, France
May 4, 1152
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
March 1, 1157
Villamayor del Valle, Huesca, Aragon, España (Spain)