Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York

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Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York

Birthplace: Conisbrough Castle, Yorkshire, England (United Kingdom)
Death: December 30, 1460 (49)
Wakefield, Yorkshire, England (United Kingdom) (Died In Battle Fighting Henry VI)
Place of Burial: Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire , England
Immediate Family:

Son of Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge and Anne de Mortimer, Countess of Cambridge
Husband of Cecily Neville, Duchess of York
Father of Joan Plantagenet, of York; Anne Leger, Duchess of Exeter; Henry Plantagenet, of York; Edward IV of England; Edmund Plantagenet, Earl of Rutland and 8 others
Brother of Edward Plantagenet; Alice Plantagenet; Isabel of Cambridge and Henry of York

Occupation: Lord Protector of England, 3rd Duke of York
Managed by: Anne Brannen
Last Updated:

About Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York

"Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, 6th Earl of March, 4th Earl of Cambridge, and 7th Earl of Ulster, conventionally called Richard of York (21 September 1411 – 30 December 1460) was a leading English magnate, great-grandson of King Edward III. He inherited great estates, and served in various offices of state in France at the end of the Hundred Years' War, and in England, ultimately governing the country as Lord Protector during Henry VI's madness. His conflicts with Henry's queen, Margaret of Anjou, and other members of Henry's court were a leading factor in the political upheaval of mid-fifteenth-century England, and a major cause of the Wars of the Roses. Richard eventually attempted to claim the throne but was dissuaded, although it was agreed that he would become King on Henry's death. Within a few weeks of securing this agreement, he died in battle.

Although Richard never became king, he was the father of Edward IV and Richard III."




Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), Volume 12, page 905. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 495.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, Volume XII/2, pages 905-908 .

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 246.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 260.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 132. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family, page 134.

[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 6 p. F3*, 4; book 7 p. G28.

[S2434] #2105 Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 2 p. 108.

[S712] #1039 Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families: with Their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire (1914), Griffith, John Edwards, (Horncastle, England: W.K. Morton, 1914), FHL book Folio 942.9 D2gr; FHL microfilm 468,334., p. I, 305*.

[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 3 p. 8.

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Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York's Timeline

September 20, 1411
Conisbrough Castle, Yorkshire, England (United Kingdom)
York, Yorkshire, England (United Kingdom)
August 10, 1439
Fotheringhay, Northhampton, England
February 10, 1441
Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England
April 28, 1442
Haute-Normandie,, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France
May 17, 1443
Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
April 22, 1444
Rouen, Normandie, France
May 3, 1446
Fotheringhay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire, England