Saint Oswald, king of Northumbria

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Saint Oswald, king of Northumbria's Geni Profile

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Birthplace: Northumbria, England
Death: circa August 05, 643 (34-43)
Place of Burial: Oswetry
Immediate Family:

Son of Æthelfrith, king of Bernicia and Acha
Husband of Cyneburg
Father of Œthelwald, King of Deira
Brother of Ōswīg, King of Northumbria; Æbba, Princess of Bernicia; Oswudu; Oslaf; Offa and 1 other
Half brother of Eanfrith, King of Bernicia

Managed by: Gwyneth Potter McNeil
Last Updated:

About Saint Oswald, king of Northumbria

Saint Oswald, King of Northumbria (1)

M, #150292, b. 604, d. 642

Last Edited=12 Nov 2005

Consanguinity Index=0.0%

    Saint Oswald, King of Northumbria was born in 604. (3) He was the son of Æthelfrith, King of Northumbria and Acha (?). (1), (2) He married unknown daughter (?), daughter of Cynegils, King of Wessex. (4) 

He died in 642. (1)

    Saint Oswald, King of Northumbria succeeded to the title of King Oswald of Northumbria in 634. (1)

Child of Saint Oswald, King of Northumbria and unknown daughter (?)

-1. Oethelwald, King of Deira d. 655 (1)

Forrás / Source:

  • Youtube:

Œthelwald is the Son of Saint Oswald, King of Northumbria and Cyneburg. Saint Oswald's ancestors go back to Kings Ida and Eoppa of Northumbria. Cyneburg was a daughter of the lines descending from the House of Wessex. St. Oswald attended the baptism of King of Wessex Cynegils, as his godfather in 635 and then Cynegils gave his daughter Cyneburg to marry St. Oswald upon the occasion of his becoming a Christian (Cynegils). See: for information on the marriage of St. Oswald and Cyneburg as well as the son of the marriage,Œthelwald.(at just before minute 7). The same Youtube url also states that Œthelwald in 651 was crowned King of Deira and then had a short reign until 655 although he was said to be too young to rule.,%20AngloSaxon%20&%20Danish%... " OSWALD ([602/03]-killed in battle Maserfelth 5 Aug [641/42], bur Beardeneu [Beardney] Monastery, Lindsey, transferred 906 to Gloucester). The Historia Brittonum of Nennius records that "Ethelfrid…had seven sons, Eanfrid, Oswald, Oswy, Oswudu, Oslac, Offa"[881]. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle names "the eldest Eanfrith…Oswald, Oswy, Oslac, Oswudu, Oslaf and Offa" as the sons of "Æthelfrith" who were driven out of the kingdom after their father was killed[882]. William of Malmesbury names "Oswald, aged 12, and Oswiu, 4 years" as sons of King Æthelfith when recording their escape to Scotland on the death of their father[883]. They lived in exile throughout the reign of their maternal uncle, during which time they were baptised by the monks of Iona[884]. William of Malmesbury records that he defeated and killed Cadwallon King of Gwynedd in late 635 at Dilston, near Rowley Burn south of Hexham[885], and was immediately accepted as OSWALD King of Bernicia and Deira, in effect establishing himself as King of Northumbria. Bede records that "Osualdi", after the death of "fratris [eius] Eanfridi", defeated and killed "Bretonnici regis tyrannidem" (referring to "rex Brettonum Ceadualla") at "Denisesburgna, id est riuus Denisi"[886]. Bede names "Osuald…Nordanhymbrorum rex" as sixth of the kings who had authority over the southern provinces, south of the river Humber[887]. Bede records that King Oswald brought Aidan from Iona in 635 to revive Christianity in Northumbria, establishing him at Lindisfarne with his monks[888]. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that he stood sponsor for his father-in-law Cynegils King of Wessex at the latter's baptism in 635[889]. He is listed as Sixth Bretwalda by Bede who describes him as "lord of all the nations and provinces of Britain, whether British, Pictish, Irish or English". King Oswald is referred to as totius Brittaniæ imperator by Adomnán, abbot of Iona, in the Life of Columba[890]. Bede records that "Osuald…rex Nordanhymbrorum" reigned for nine years and was killed in battle 5 Aug (year not stated) by the same "rege Merciorum" [Penda King of Mercia] who had killed his predecessor [King Eadwine], "in loco…Maserfelth", aged 38[891]. He dates this event to 642 in his general chronology[892]. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle dates this event to 641[893]. Stenton suggests that the place was probably Oswestry in Shropshire[894]. The calendar of Echternach includes "Non Aug Osualdi regis"[895]. Northumbria was once more split into Deira and Bernicia after his death. Bede records that King Oswald’s bones were transferred to "monasterium…in provincie Landissi…Beardaneu" by "reginæ Merciorum Osthrydæ…filia fratris eius…Osuiu…cum viro suo Aedilredo"[896]. Bede states that "abbatissa…Aedilhild, soror…Aediluini et Alduini, quorum prior episcopus in Lindissi prouincia, secundus…abbas in monasterio…Peartaneu" reported miracles from the place of burial of King Oswald[897]. King Oswald was canonised, his feast day is 9 Aug[898]. m (635 or after) CYNEBURH of Wessex, daughter of CYNEGILS King of Wessex & his wife ---. Bede records that "regem Nordanhymbrorum Osualdum" married "Occidentalium Saxonum…[rege] Cynigilso…filiam" after her father was baptised[899]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. Oswald & his wife had one child:

a) ÆTHELWALD (-654). Bede records that "fratruo, id est fratris sui que ante eum regnavit, filio Oidilualdo" gave much trouble during the reign of King Oswiu[900]. He was chosen to succeed as ÆTHELWALD King of Deira in 651 after the murder of King Oswine. "

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