Saladin Yusuf ibn Ayyub

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Связанные проекты

al-Malik al-Nāṣir Salāḥ al-Dīn Abu 'l-Muzaffer Yūsuf I ibn Aiyūb ibn Shahdi al-Takrīt

арабский: صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب
Псевдоним: "al-Malik al-Nāṣir Salāḥ al-Dīn Yūsuf I", "Kurdish: سه لاحه دین ئه یوبی Selah'edînê Eyubî; Arabic: صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب‎"
Дата рождения:
Место рождения: Tikrit, Iraq (Ирак)
Смерть: 04 марта 1193 (50-59)
Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic (Сирия)
Ближайшие родственники:

Сын Nad̲j̲m al-Dīn Aiyūb bin al-ʿādil, Atabeg al-Ajdakan, Emir of Maiyāfāriḳīn
Муж ʿIṣmat ad-Dīn Khātūn bint Mu'in ad-Din Unur и unknown first wife of Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb
Отец az-Zahir Ghazi ibn Yusuf ibn Ayyub; Al-Afdal ibn Salah ad-Din; Al-Malik Al-Aziz Osman bin Salahadin Yusuf; Ghiyath-el-di al-Zahir; al-Aziz и ещё 1
Брат Sitt Ash-Sham; al-Malik al-Adil Sayf al-Din Abu-Bakr ibn Ayyūb и Nur al-Din Shahanshah

Профессия: Ruler of Egypt, Syria and Iraq
Менеджер: Private User
Последнее обновление:

About Saladin Yusuf ibn Ayyub

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saladin

Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb (Arabic: صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب‎, Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb, Kurdish: سه‌لاحه‌دین ئه‌یوبی, Selah'edînê Eyubî) (c. 1138 – March 4, 1193), better known in the Western world as Saladin, was an Arabized Kurdish Muslim, who became the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria, and founded the Ayyubid dynasty. He led Muslim and Arab opposition to the Franks and other European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his power, his sultanate included Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Kurdistan, Hejaz, and Yemen.

Under his personal leadership, his forces defeated the Crusaders at the Battle of Hattin, leading the way to his re-capture of Palestine, which had been seized from the Fatimid Egyptians by the Crusaders 88 years earlier. Though the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem would continue to exist for a period, its defeat at Hattin marked a turning point in its conflict with the Muslims and Arabs. As such, Saladin is a prominent figure in Kurdish, Arab, and Muslim culture. Saladin was a strict adherent of Sunni Islam His chivalrous behavior was noted by Christian chroniclers, especially in the accounts of the Siege of Kerak, and despite being the nemesis of the Crusaders, he won the respect of many of them, including Richard the Lionheart; rather than becoming a hated figure in Europe, he became a celebrated example of the principles of chivalry.

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Хронология Saladin Yusuf ibn Ayyub

1138
1138
Tikrit, Iraq (Ирак)
1170
1170
1171
1171
1172
1172
1193
4 марта 1193
Возраст 55
Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic (Сирия)
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