Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochow, 1st Lord Campbell

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Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochow, 1st Lord Campbell

Also Known As: "Na-Adh", "the Fortunate", "the Prosperous", "Donnchadh mac Cailein", "Donnchadh na-Adh", "1st Lord Campbell", "Lord Campbell", "Laird Lochawe", "Sir Archibald Campbell", "3rd Lord of Auchinbreck", "Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochow", "1st Lord Campbell of Argyll"
Birthplace: Lowchow, Argyllshire, Scotland
Death: August 12, 1453 (88-89)
Scotland (United Kingdom)
Place of Burial: Argyll and Bute, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow, 13th Knight of Lochow and Mariota Campbell, Lady Argyll
Husband of Marjorie Stewart and Margaret Stewart, of Blackhall & Ardgowan
Father of Archibald Campbell, Master of Campbell; Colin Campbell, 1st Lord of Glenorchy; Celestine Campbell; Neil Campbell, of Ormidale; Sir Duncan Campbell, of Kilmichael, 1st Lord of Auchinbreck and 1 other
Brother of Donald "More" Campbell, of Lochow; Christian Campbell, of Lochow; Colin Óg Campbell, 1st of Ardkinglass and Black Knight John "ian Arman" Campbell

Occupation: high chancellor of Scotland, 3rd Lord of Auchinbreck, 3rd Auchenbreck; No. 328, 1st Lord Campbell, Justiciar of Argyll
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochow, 1st Lord Campbell

SIR DUNCAN CAMPBELL, who served as his majesty’s justice general, one of his privy counsel, and lieutenant with the shire of Argyll during the reigns of James I and James II. By the latter he was made high chancellor of Scotland, and in 1445 he was summoned to parliament by the title lord Campbell. His first wife was the lady Margaret, daughter of Robert, duke of Albany, governor of Scotland. Their children were Celestine (who died young), Archibald, and Sir Colin Campbell. His second wife, also named Margaret, was daughter of Sir John Stewart of Blackhill. Their sons were Duncan, Neil, and Arthur.

Duncan "Na-Adh" had a charter to Menstrie 6 Feb. 1392/3. He succeeded his father about 1414 when with the consent of his son Celestin he confirmed a grant which had been made by his father to his kinsman Ronald Malcolmson of Craignish. He is called "Cambel de Ergyle" in the list of hostages for the release of James I in 1423 and his annual income was given as 1500 marks. He was a member of the privy council and justiciar and lord lieutenant of Argyllshire.

In March 1440 Sir Duncan le Cambel, knight, Lord of Lochawe granted a charter to the church of Dunnovyng or Dunoon giving one half mark from his lands in Ardenaslate for wax candles to be lit before the image of the Virgin Mary in the church in behalf of the souls of his grandfather celestin Cambel and Isabella Lamont his wife, his father Colin Cambel, his mother Mariota, daughter of M'Cwill Cambel, his late wife Marcellina Stewart, his present wife Margaret Stewart and the soul of Celestin, lately his son and heir. The writ is dated Dunoon castle 12 March 1439/0 and was witnessed by his wife Margaret and his sons Nigel and Colin.

He also founded the Collegiate church of Kilmun in Cowal 4 Aug. 1442 which was confirmed 12 May 1450. Sir Duncan founded the church for prebendaries to pray for the souls of his first born son and his first wife, Marjoy. The church was badly damaged by the Lamonts in 1646 when they massacred all those taking refuge in the tower (which is still standing).

No. 7 on House of Argyle Chart, Call No. B12 C17; married Margaret Stewart, daughter of Sir John Stewart, the illegimate son of Robert III.

The name Cambel was first used by the family in the 13th century. The first chief of the clan to appear on record as "Campbell" may well have been Sir Duncan of Lochawe when he was created Lord Campbell in 1445.' copied from Clan Campbell website, history page.,_1st_Lord_Campbell

  • 'Archibald Campbell1
  • 'M, #2951, b. circa 1480, d. 1542
  • Father Dugald Campbell d. 1497
  • Mother Agnes Lamont b. c 1455
  • ' Archibald Campbell was born circa 1480 at of Ardkinglas, Argyllshire, Scotland.2 He married Margaret Campbell, daughter of Colin Campbell, 3rd Laird of Ardkinglass and Marion Houston, circa 1505.2 Archibald Campbell married Catherine Campbell, daughter of Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll and Elizabeth Stewart, circa 1524.3,4,2 Archibald Campbell died in 1542 at of Auchinbreck, Argyllshire, Scotland.2
  • 'Family 1 Catherine Campbell
  • Child
    • Alexander Campbell
  • 'Family 2 Margaret Campbell b. c 1478
  • Children
    • Donald Campbell, 1st Lord of Kilmory d. a 7 Nov 1593
    • Margaret Campbell+
    • Dugald Campbell
    • Archibald Campbell
    • Duncan Campbell, Capt. of Castle Sween b. c 1511, d. 3 Oct 1594
  • Citations
  • 1.[S201] Unknown author, Irvine of Drum, by D. A. McCormick, 1989, p. 7; Burke's Peerage, 1938, p. 144.
  • 2.[S11649] Clan MacFarlane & Associated Clans Genealogy.
  • 3.[S147] Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage, 1938 ed., by Sir Bernard Burke, p., 480.
  • 4.[S11563] The Scots Peerage, Vol. I, edited by Sir James Balfour Paul, p. 337.
  • From:
  • ______________________
  • 'Archibald Campbell of Auchinbreck and Kilmichael1
  • 'M, #19447, b. circa 1480, d. circa 1546
  • Last Edited=17 Jul 2006
  • ' Archibald Campbell of Auchinbreck and Kilmichael was born circa 1480 at Auchinbreck, Argyllshire, Scotland.2 He was the son of Dugald Campbell of Auchinbreck and Kilmichael and Agnes Lamont.3,1 He married, secondly, Lady Catherine Campbell, daughter of Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll and Lady Elizabeth Stuart.4 He married, firstly, Margaret Campbell of Ardkinglass, daughter of Colin Campbell, 3rd of Ardkinglass and Marion Houston, in 1505 at Ardkinglass, Lochgoihead, Argyllshire, Scotland.2 He died circa 1546.1
  • ' He lived at Auchinbreck, Argyllshire, Scotland.4
  • 'Child of Archibald Campbell of Auchinbreck and Kilmichael and Lady Catherine Campbell
    • 1.Alexander Campbell1
  • 'Children of Archibald Campbell of Auchinbreck and Kilmichael and Margaret Campbell of Ardkinglass
    • 1.Dugald Campbell of Auchinbreck and Kilmichael3 d. b 1590
    • 2.Duncan Campbell+3 d. 1594
    • 3.Archibald Campbell, 1st of Danna+1
    • 4.Donald Campbell, 1st of Kilmory+2 b. c 1513, d. a 7 Nov 1593
  • Citations
  • 1.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 666. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • 2.[S1322] David Arathoon, "re: Acheson Family and Campbell Family," e-mail message to Darryl Lundy, 8 April 2005 - 14 July 2006. Hereinafter cited as "re: Acheson Family and Campbell Family."
  • 3.[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • 4.[S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 104. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.
  • From:
  • ________________________

Known as "Na-Adh" (the fortunate or prosperous). from Lochow, co. Argyll and was 1st Lord Campbell of Argyll.

ah-adh means 'the fortunate'

Birthdate unknown

FamilySearch []

Duncan Campbell, 1st Lord Campbell

Duncan Campbell, 1st Lord Campbell (Classical Gaelic Donnchadh mac Cailein, and also called Donnchadh na-Adh (English: Duncan the fortunate) of Loch Awe, (died 1453), was a Scottish nobleman and politician. He was an important figure in Scottish affairs in the first half of the 15th century and Justiciar of Argyll. He was head of the Clan Campbell for 40 years.


Duncan's date of birth is in 1390 in Lochow, Argyll.[1] He was the son of Colin Campbell of Lochawe[2], and Mariota Campbell. Colin (called Colin Iongantach 'Wonderful', and 'Colin The Good Knight') was the eldest son of Archibald Campbell of Lochawe, while Mariota was the daughter of John Campbell, and thus heiress to the lands of Ardscotnish and Glen Orchy. Colin obtained a dispensation by 13 January 1366 permitting the marriage of Mariota to his son John. He evidently changed his plans and married Mariota himself as in 1372 he obtained a second dispensation, this allowing Colin and Mariota to remarry, after a separation, having already married although within the prohibited degree of kinship.[3]

Duncan may not have been their eldest son: a brother named John Annam, John the Weak, is said to have been passed over. Duncan was seemingly the chosen heir by 6 February 1393 when he was granted the lands of Menstrie by his father. On Colin's death, some time before 19 January 1414, Duncan became head of the Campbells of Loch Awe.[4]

Family Ties

Duncan was twice married, first to Marjorie (d. before August 1432), daughter of Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, secondly to Margaret Stewart of Ardgowan (d. after August 1442).

Duncan's closeness to the Albany Stewarts led to King James I of Scotland viewing him with some suspicion, and James sent Duncan south as a hostage in England. The documentary record calls him Campbell of Argyll, and gives his share of the liability for the king's ransom as 1500 merks, more than any other hostage save one.[5] In time Duncan and the king were somewhat reconciled and following James's assassination Duncan was among the supporters of Queen Dowager Joan.

"The Fortunate"

During the minority of King James II, Duncan professed support and loyalty to the regency, while constantly expanding his power in Argyll, often at the expense of the Crown. He was nevertheless knighted before March 1440 and created a Lord of Parliament as Lord Campbell of Lochawe by James II in 1445.


He died between February 1453 and 21 May 1454, and was buried in the collegiate church at Kilmun, which he and his wife Margaret Stewart had founded in 1442 (see Kilmun Church). Their effigies can still be seen in a niche with a wide cusped arch.[6]

His first successor was Archibald, Master of Campbell; also known as Archibald Roy of Kilbride since he was born in Kilbride, two miles from Inverary. Archibald Roy of Kilbride was the 14th Campbell, the Sixth McCailen More, and 16th Knight of Lochow.[7]

His second son by his wife Margaret, Colin, was the founder of the Campbell of Breadalbane line (Earl of Breadalbane and Holland). His other sons by his second marriage, Archibald, Duncan, and Neil, created the Campbell septs of Otter, Auchinbreck, and Ormidale, respectively.[8]

His grandson Colin, son of Archibald 'Gillespic,' (d. 1440) his only child by his first wife, succeeded him as Chief of the Clan Campbell.[9]


  1. "Ancestral File". FamilySearch. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  2. Balfour Paul, Sir James, The Scots' Peerage, Edinburgh, 1904, vol.1, p.328-330.
  3. Boardman, The Campbells, pp. 72–72, 102 & 104; Paul, The Scots Peerage, Vol I, p. 330.
  4. Boardman, The Campbells, pp. 104 & 109–110.
  5. Boardman, The Campbells, p. 291. William Douglas, heir of the Lord of Dalkeith, was also assessed as liable for 1500 merks. See also Paul, The Scots Peerage, vol. I, p. 330, where the amount is described as Duncan's income. The value of 1500 Scots merks in English Pounds sterling, in then-current gold coin was some 750 English merks or 500 pounds sterling. The Scots demy (108 pence Scots money) was considered to be of equal value to the English half-noble (54 pence English money); Grueber, Handbook, p. 171.
  6. "Kilmun, St Munn's Parish Church (Church of Scotland) Including Argyll and Douglas Mausolea, Associated Buildings and Graveyard". Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  7. The House of Argyll and the Collateral Branches of the Clan Campbell. p. 32.
  8. Paul, James Balfour (1904). The Scots Peerage. Edinburgh: Douglas. p. 1:331-32. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  9. Paul. The Scots Peerage. p. 1:332.


  • Boardman, Stephen (2000), "The Tale of Leper John and the Campbell Acquisition of Lorn", in Cowan, E.J.; McDonald, R. Andrew (eds.), Alba: Celtic Scotland in the Medieval Era, East Linton: Tuckwell, ISBN 1-86232-151-5
  • Boardman, Stephen (2006), The Campbells, 1250–1513, Edinburgh: John Donald, ISBN 0-85976-662-4
  • Grueber, Herbert Appold (1899), Handbook of the Coins of Great Britain and Ireland in the British Museum, London: The British Museum
  • Paul, Sir James Balfour (1904), The Scots Peerage, 1, Edinburgh: David Douglas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: [,_1st_Lord_Campbell]


"It may seem strange that Kilmun, some miles distant from Inveraray, was chosen as the burial place for the Chiefs of the Campbell family. It is believed that the earliest Chiefs were laid to rest at Kilchrennan, and then at Innishail, the “Isle of Peace “in Loch Awe. [1]

"In the 15th century, Kilmun was considered an important Christian site, founded by Saint Fintan Munnu himself in the 7th century, and closely linked with Paisley Abbey. From the 14th century, Dunoon Castle, a short distance away, was held by the Campbells and in 1440 the then Chief, Duncan, lived in a private residence named Strathechaig near Kilmun. In 1442 Celestine, Duncan’s eldest son died tragically, and a legend tells us that a fierce snowstorm prevented the burial party from reaching Innishail, so the young man was laid to rest at the highly regarded site at Kilmun. This was the beginning of the tradition of Kilmun as the Campbell burial place.[2]

"Duncan was generous to several religious establishments in Argyll, and soon after Celestine’s burial he endowed Kilmun as a collegiate church, ensuring continued praying there for him, his ancestors and his descendants. From that day forward, the Campbell Chiefs were buried under the floor of the mediaeval church, until a private chapel was constructed off the nave of the church by the 9th Earl in 1669."[3]

Marriages and Children

He was married twice: first to Margery Stewart and secondly to Margaret Stewart.[4]

His only child by his first wife was Archibald.[5]

By his second wife, he was the father of:[6]

  1. Sir Colin Campbell of Glenorchy (b. c. 1406; d. 1475), mar. (1) c. 1448 Janet Stewart, 2nd dau. and coheiress. of John Stewart, 2nd Lord Lorne, (2) Margaret Robertson, dau. of Robert Robertson of Struan, and (3) bef. 7 Oct 1467 Margaret Stirling, dau. of Luke Stirling of Keir, and had issue by all three wives
  2. Neil Campbell of Ormidale (d. after 1442), mar., and had issue
  3. Duncan Campbell of Kilmichael (d. after 6 Jul 1452), mar. and had issue
  4. Archibald Campbell of Otter, mar. 1460 Mariot Stewart, 3rd dau. and coheiress. of John Stewart, 2nd Lord Lorne, and had issue: He married Margaret Stewart, daughter to Robert, Duke of Albany, brother to Robert John, the third King of Scotland, by whom he had, Archibald, his heir. [7]


  1. []
  2. Ibid.
  3. Ibid.
  4. []
  5. Ibid.
  6. Ibid.
  7. []
  8. []



Sir Duncan Na-Adh Campbell (1370-1453)

Birth: 1370, Argyll, Scotland, United Kingdom

Death: 12 August 1453 (Age 83), Kilmun, Argyll, Scotland, United Kingdom


  • Sir Duncan Na-Adh Campbell 1st Baron of Campbell (1370-1453)

Marriage: 12 March 1395, Argyll, Scotland, United Kingdom

  • Lady Marjory Marcelline Stewart, Countess of Monteith (1375-1423)

Children (2)

  1. Lord Archibald Gillespic Campbell (1405-1440)
  2. Celestine Campbell (1406-1453)


  • Sir Duncan Na-Adh Campbell 1st Baron of Campbell (1370-1453)

Marriage: 12 March 1395, Argyll, Scotland

  • Lady Marjory Marcelline Stewart, Countess of Monteith (1375-1423)

Children (14)

  • Sir Colin (Cailen Iongataich) Campbell 13th Knight of Lochowe (1344-1413)

Marriage: 1365, Perthshire, Scotland

Margaret Drummond (1345-1443)

Children (14)

  1. Christiana Campbell (1365-1395)
  2. Neil Campbell (1367-?)
  3. Donald Campbell (1369-1442)
  4. Sir Duncan Na-Adh Campbell 1st Baron of Campbell (1370-1453)
  5. John "Ian Arman" Campbell (1372-1450)
  6. Cailein Oigs Reuch Campbell (1374-1428)
  7. Agnes Campbell (1374-?)
  8. Christian Campbell (1376-1434)
  9. Dugal " Mor" Campbell (1376-1434)
  10. Marion Mor Campbell (1377-?)
  11. Celestine Campbell (1382-?)
  12. Patrick Campbell (1384-1450)


view all 13

Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochow, 1st Lord Campbell's Timeline

Lowchow, Argyllshire, Scotland
Lochgilphead, Argyll and Bute Council, Scotland, United Kingdom
Taynuilt, Argyll and Bute, United Kingdom
Argyllshire, Scotland