Sir William de Comyn, Constable of Scotland

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Sir William de Comyn, Constable of Scotland

Also Known As: "Comyn"
Birthplace: Altyre, Morayshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Death: circa 1160 (67-85)
Altyre, Morayshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Immediate Family:

Son of John de Comyn and Sybil de Giffard
Husband of Maude Basset
Father of Richard de Comyn, Justiciar of Lothian, Lord of Tyndale; William Comyn and Walter Comyn

Managed by: Private User
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About Sir William de Comyn, Constable of Scotland

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from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

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William Cumin (or de Comyn, de Commines etc.)(died c. 1159) was a medieval Bishop of Durham elect, and Lord Chancellor of Scotland.

Cumin was the grandson of Robert de Comines.[1] The de Comines were a family from Comines in Flanders. Several of Cumin's were clerks in the chanceries of King Henry I of England and King Henry II of England, as well as in the dioceses of Rouen and Bayeux. A John Cumin, who became Archbishop of Dublin in 1182 may also have been a relative.[2] William Cumin was Archdeacon of Worcester by March 1125 and the chancellor of King David I of Scotland[3] before 1136.[2] David was the uncle of the Empress Matilda.[4] Cumin was educated by Geoffrey Rufus, who had been chancellor to King Henry I of England and Bishop of Durham.[5] Cumin was captured at the Battle of the Standard in August 1138, but was set free at the instigation of the papal legate, Alberic of Ostia.[2]

At the time of the death of Geoffrey Rufus, most of the diocese of Durham was under the control of King David. With the death of Geoffrey, David tried to gain control of the English diocese by installing his own candidate into Durham, this being his chancellor, Cumin.[6] When David came south to meet with the Empress, he stopped in Durham, where he refused to allow the burial of the previous bishop until Cumin was allowed into the see.[7] Cumin was intruded into the see of Durham about 11 May 1141, but was never consecrated.[3] However, when the Empress was driven from London in June 1141, this deprived Cumin of some support.[5] Cumin still had the support of one of Geoffrey's nephews and support in the cathedral chapter and castle. But he was opposed by Ranulf, the nephew of Bishop Ranulf Flambard, who was an archdeacon at Durham, and by the papal legate to England.[4] Another supporter was William of Aumale, Earl of York, who attempted to marry one of his nieces to Cumin's nephew who held Northallerton in the North Riding of Yorkshire.[8]

By 1142, David had withdrawn his support, and Cumin resorted to using a forged letter of support from the papacy in an attempt to get consecrated.[2] Eventually Cumin was deprived of his benefices by Pope Innocent II about 14 March 1143 as well as being excommunicated.[3] Around this time his soldiers were described as 'incessantly making forages;whatever they could lay their hands on they plundered....wherever these men passed it became a wilderness. Their torments were of many and various kinds, difficult to describe and difficult to believe. Men were hung fromthe walls of their own howses....others...plunged into the bed of the river....everywhere throughout the town there were groanss and various kinds of deaths'. Simeon of Durham At the same time, the pope ordered a new election held at York Minster which selected the Dean of York, William of St. Barbara.[6] Cumin, however, still had the support of two of the local magnates, Henry, Earl of Northumbria and Alan, Earl of Richmond, and Cumin garrisoned the priory.[7] In 1144, Cumin negotiated a settlement of the dispute, in which he relinquished his claims to Durham in exchange for lands to endow his nephew Richard. Cumin was imprisoned for a time, but eventually returned to the south of England where he had the support of Gilbert Foliot, then Abbot of Gloucester.[2]

Theobald of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury then took up Cumin's cause in about 1146, and Theobald lobbied the papacy for Cumin's absolution.[2] Cumin was restored to some of his benefices by 1152, and was once more Archdeacon of Worcester by 1157. He died probably about 1158 or 1159.[9]

Two of Cumin's nephews served as knights in Scotland. William is noted as a knight by the Durham chronicle, and Osbert served Henry, earl of Northumberland. Both died in the before 1144 during the conflicts in Durham. Another nephew, Richard Comyn, received the honour of Richmond as part of his uncle's settlement at Durham. Richard was the ancestor of the Comyn family of Scotland.[2]

William Comyn Born about 1084 in Altyre, Morayshiremap Son of John Comyn and Unknown (Giffard) Comyn [sibling%28s%29 unknown] Husband of Maud (Banastre) Comyn — married [date unknown] [location unknown] Father of Richard Comyn	 Died before 1140 [location unknown] Profile managers: Jacques Charles Pictet private message [send private message], Katherine Patterson private message [send private message], and David Robinson private message [send private message] This page has been accessed 326 times. Nominate for Profile of the Week by posting the link in our G+ Community. Vote by clicking the +1 button above.

This person was created through the import of DR fam 9.ged on 14 September 2010. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability. Contents [hide]

   1 Note
   2 User ID
   3 Birth
   4 Note
   5 User ID
   6 Data Changed


   Note: @N456@ 
   @N456@ NOTE 
   AR7 121A-25 

User ID

   User ID: CE28ED12B3014A5CA3662496756644C8F9A5 

This person was created through the import of Acrossthepond.ged on 21 February 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability. Birth

       Date: ABT 1084 
       Place: Altyre, Morayshire 

Removed ABT from Birth Date and marked as uncertain. Note

   Note: @N13399@ 
   @N13399@ NOTE 
   Ancestor of James Veatch (Nancy Jane Prather). 

User ID

   User ID: ADF38CE8D4C542869F35F7E5EB7C262CDE74 

Data Changed

   Data Changed:
       Date: 31 OCT 2010 

Prior to import, this record was last changed 31 OCT 2010.


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Sir William de Comyn, Constable of Scotland's Timeline

Altyre, Morayshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Northalteron, Morayshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Altyre, Morayshire, Scotland
Altyre, Morayshire, Scotland
Age 76
Altyre, Morayshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)