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Tupac Amaru Shakur (Crooks)

Also Known As: "Lesane Parish Crooks", "2Pac", "Pac", "Makaveli", "MC New York"
Birthplace: East Harlem, New York City, New York, United States
Death: September 13, 1996 (25)
University Medical Center of Southern Nevada, 1800 West Charleston Boulevard, Las Vegas, Clark County, Nevada, United States (respiratory failure and cardiopulmonary arrest in connection with multiple gunshot wounds)
Place of Burial: cremated
Immediate Family:

Son of Private and Afeni Shakur Davis
Ex-husband of Private
Half brother of Private

Occupation: Rapper songwriter actor
Managed by: Lori Haynes - Wise
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Tupac Shakur

Tupac Shakur, better known by his stage name 2Pac and later by his alias Makaveli, was an American rapper. Considered one of the most influential rappers of all time, Shakur is among the best-selling music artists, having sold more than 75 million records worldwide. Much of Shakur's music has been noted for addressing contemporary social issues that plagued inner cities, and he is considered a symbol of activism against inequality.

Shakur was born in New York City but relocated to Baltimore in 1984 and to the San Francisco Bay Area in 1988. With the release of his debut album 2Pacalypse Now in 1991, he became a central figure in West Coast hip hop for his conscious rap lyrics. Shakur achieved further critical and commercial success with his follow-up albums Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z... (1993) and Me Against the World (1995). His Diamond-certified album All Eyez on Me (1996), the first double-length album in hip-hop history, abandoned his introspective lyrics for volatile gangsta rap. In addition to his music career, Shakur also found considerable success as an actor, with his starring roles in Juice (1992), Poetic Justice (1993), Gridlock'd (1997), and Gang Related (1997).

In 1995, Shakur served eight months in prison on sexual abuse charges, but was released pending an appeal of his conviction. Following his release, he signed to Marion "Suge" Knight's label Death Row Records and became heavily involved in the growing East Coast–West Coast hip hop rivalry. On September 7, 1996, Shakur was shot four times by an unidentified assailant in a drive-by shooting in Las Vegas; he died six days later. Following his murder, Shakur's friend-turned-rival, the Notorious B.I.G., was at first considered a suspect due to their public feud, but was also murdered in another drive-by shooting six months later in March 1997 while visiting Los Angeles.

Five more albums have been released since Shakur's death, all of which have been certified Platinum in the United States. In 2002, Shakur was inducted into the Hip-Hop Hall of Fame. In 2017, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. Rolling Stone magazine ranked Shakur among the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. (Wikipedia, CC BY-SA)


  • "Tupac Shakur." Wikipedia, revision of 16 December 2021. < link > Accessed 17 December 2021.
  • "Tupac Shakur." NNDB. < link > Accessed 12 May 2011.

Shakur was born on June 16, 1971, in the East Harlem section of Upper Manhattan, New York City.[16] While born Lesane Parish Crooks,[17][18][19] at age one he was renamed Tupac Amaru Shakur.[20] He was named after Túpac Amaru II, the descendant of the last Incan ruler, who was executed in Peru in 1781 after his failed revolt against Spanish rule.[21] Shakur's mother Afeni Shakur explained, "I wanted him to have the name of revolutionary, indigenous people in the world. I wanted him to know he was part of a world culture and not just from a neighborhood."[20]

Shakur had an older stepbrother, Mopreme "Komani" Shakur, and a half-sister, Sekyiwa Shakur, two years his junior.[22]

Panther heritage
Shakur's parents, Afeni Shakur—born Alice Faye Williams in North Carolina—and his biological father, Billy Garland, had been active Black Panther Party members in New York in the late 1960s and early 1970s.[23] A month before Shakur's birth, his mother was tried in New York City as part of the Panther 21 criminal trial. She was acquitted of over 150 charges.[24][25]

Other family members who were involved in the Black Panthers' Black Liberation Army were convicted of serious crimes and imprisoned, including Shakur's stepfather, Mutulu Shakur, who spent four years among the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives. Mutulu Shakur was apprehended in 1986 and subsequently convicted for a 1981 robbery of a Brinks armored truck, during which police officers and a guard were killed.[26]

Shakur's godfather, Elmer "Geronimo" Pratt, a high-ranking Black Panther, was convicted of murdering a school teacher during a 1968 robbery. After spending 27 years in prison, his conviction was overturned due to the prosecution's having concealed evidence that proved his innocence.[27][28]

Shakur's godmother, Assata Shakur, is a former member of the Black Liberation Army, who was convicted of the first-degree murder of a New Jersey State Trooper and is still wanted by the FBI.[29]

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Tupac Shakur's Timeline

June 16, 1971
East Harlem, New York City, New York, United States
September 13, 1996
Age 25
University Medical Center of Southern Nevada, 1800 West Charleston Boulevard, Las Vegas, Clark County, Nevada, United States
September 14, 1996
Age 25