William de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale

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William de Brus

Also Known As: "William de Brus 3rd Baron of Annandale", "William Bruce Lord of /Annandale/", "9730"
Birthplace: Annandale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Death: July 16, 1212 (57-66)
Annandale, Dumfries, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Place of Burial: Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale and Eufemia
Husband of possible wife Beatrice of Teyden and Christine nic Uchtred, Countess of Dunbar
Father of Agatha Beckwith, of Uglebarnby; Robert de Brus, 4th Lord of Annandale and Euphemia de Brus, countess of Dunbar
Brother of Robert lll de Brus, of Annandale; Bernard de Brus, of Annandale and Eufemia Bruce

Occupation: 3rd Lord of Annadale, Earl of Huntingdon, 3rd Lord of Annandale, Lord of Annandale
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About William de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale

Note from Curator Pam Wilson (Dec 2017): Some disagreement exists about his wife or wives. Cokayne's Peerage gives his wife's name as Beatrice de Tayden, daughter of Paulinus de Teyden and Beatrice de Evermure. However, Cawley (see below) provides primary documents that name his wife as Christina and which name her as a sister to Eva (wife of Robert de Quincy) and Roland, which makes her a daughter of Uchtred of Galloway. After William's death, Christina married Patrick Earl of Dunbar. Cawley accepts Christina as William's only wife and mother of his children. I've placed all children as Christina's but have left Beatrice as a possible wife.

Charles Cawley at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTLAND.htm

WILLIAM de Brus (-before 4 Dec 1214). The manuscript history of the Bruce family of Carleton records that “Willielmus filius eius” succeeded “Robertus Brus”[1004]. “Robertus de Brus” donated property to the monks of Durham by charter dated to [1170/90], witnessed by “Roberto, Willelmo et Bernardo filiis meis…Hugone de Brus…”[1005]. He succeeded his brother as Lord of Annandale. The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Willelmus de Brus" paying "x s, dimidium militem" in Cumberland[1006]. The obituary of Gysburne/Gisborough priory records the deaths “XVII Kal Aug” of "Willmii Brus de Anand" and "Kal Aug" of "Willmi Brus primi Prioris"[1007].

[1008]m as her first husband, CHRISTINA, daughter of ---. Christina was the sister of Eva, second wife of Robert de Quincy (see ENGLAND EARLS, WINCHESTER), as shown by the undated charter under which "Eua quondam uxor Roberti de Quinci" donated property "de Edmundesten" to Melrose abbey, for the souls of "dominorum meorum Robti de Quinci et Walteri de Berkeley et Rolandi fratris mei et Johis filii mei et Christine sororis mee"[1009]. The Liber Vitæ of Durham names "Cristina uxor Willelmi de Brus, Robertus de Brus filius eius"[1010]. She married secondly (before 4 Dec 1214) as his second wife, Patrick Earl of Dunbar. "Patricius comes de Dumbar" donated land "iuxta Emudestu" to Melrose abbey, for the souls of "Ade comitisse quondam uxoris mee…et Christine comitisse uxoris mee et…Patricii filii mei et omnium filiorum meorum et filiarum", to Melrose abbey by undated charter[1011]. William de Brus & his wife had two children:

a) ROBERT [IV] de Brus “the Noble” (-[1 Apr] 1245). The manuscript history of the Bruce family of Carleton records that “Robertus Brus secundus” succeeded “Willielmus Brus”[1012]. Lord of Annandale. - see below.

b) [EUPHEME (-1267). Her parentage is suggested by MacEwan[1013]. If correct, she was her husband’s step-sister, daughter of his father’s second wife by her first husband. "Eufemia comitissa" donated revenue from land in "Kirkinfyde" to Dryburgh monastery, for the soul of "domini mei Patricii comitis", by undated charter[1014]. The Chronicle of Lanercost records the death in 1267 of "domina mater domini comitis Patricii de Dunbar, Eufemia…magistri Patricii qui apud Marsilium obiit"[1015]. m (1213 or before) PATRICK de Dunbar, son of PATRICK Earl of Dunbar & his first wife Ada of Scotland (-Marseilles [May/Dec] 1248). He succeeded his father in 1232 as Earl of Dunbar.]


William de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_de_Brus,_3rd_Lord_of_Annandale

William de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale

  • Died 16 July 1212
  • Noble family Bruce
  • Spouse(s) Christina
  • Father Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale
  • Mother Euphemia

William de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale (died 16 July 1212), was the second but eldest surviving son of Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale.

His elder brother, Robert III de Brus, predeceased their father, never holding the lordship of Annandale. William de Brus thus succeeded his father when the latter died in 1194.

William de Brus possessed large estates in the north of England. He obtained from King John, the grant of a weekly market at Hartlepool, and granted lands to the canons of Gisburn.[1] Very little else is known about William's activities. He makes a few appearances in the English government records and witnessed a charter of King William of Scotland.

He married a woman called Christina, and had by her at least two sons and one daughter:

  • Robert (his successor)
  • William
  • Agatha married Ralph Tailboys


  1. Burke, Sir Bernard, CB., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms, The Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, London, 1883, p.80.


  • Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with Their Descendants, &c., London, 1848: vol.1, pedigree XXXIV.
  • Northcliffe, Charles B., of Langon, MA., editor, The Visitation of Yorkshire, 1563/4 by William Flower, Norroy King of Arms, London, 1881, p. 40.
  • Duncan, A. A. M., ‘Brus , Robert (II) de, lord of Annandale (d. 1194?)’, in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 14 Nov 2006

The planting of Whitby's Penny Hedge.

The ceremony has been carried out in the harbour every Ascension Eve before 9am for nearly nine centuries.

It involves squelching about on the river bed at the low-water mark, hammering stakes and stowers of coppiced hazel into the mud, to be woven with branches to withstand three tides.

The story of the hedge began in 1159, when Ralph de Piercie, lord of Sneaton, William de Bruce, lord of Ugglebarnby, and a freeholder called Allotson were hunting wild boar.

They chased one to the hermitage of Eskdaleside, near Whitby, where the hermit protected the exhausted boar and refused to hand it over.

The men attacked the hermit - some say killing him - and then fled to Scarborough Castle, but they were forced to return by the Abbot of Whitby.

As penance, they and their successors were ordered to plant the hedge, or forfeit their lands to the Abbot.

They were to cut hazel from the woods, with a knife not costing more than a penny, carry the pieces on their backs to the low water mark by Abraham's Bosom, and plant the hedge.

Then a horn was to be blown and the words "Out on ye, out on ye, out on ye" shouted. The hedge had to withstand three tides before it was washed away.

According to the legend the penance was to be carried until a time when the waters were too high for planting.

In 1981 the water was eight feet deep where the hedge is normally planted, so honour was satisfied.


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William de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale's Timeline

Annandale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Annandale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland
July 16, 1212
Age 62
Annandale, Dumfries, Scotland (United Kingdom)
July 1212
Age 62
Ugglebarnby, North Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
September 29, 1932
Age 62
May 18, 1933
Age 62