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Janet Stewart

Also Known As: "Joan", "Jane", "Jenny", "Jean Stuart", "Lady Janet Stewart", "Jean", "Stuart", "Baroness of Fleming & Biggar", "Joan Stewart Stuart Scotland"
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Death: February 20, 1562 (59)
Richmond, London, Middlesex, England (United Kingdom)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of James IV, king of Scots and Agnes Stewart, Countess of Bothwell
Wife of Malcolm Fleming, 3rd Lord Fleming
Ex-partner of Henry II de Valois-Angoulême, king of France
Mother of Johanna ‘Jean’ Fleming; Janet Fleming; Margaret Fleming; Elizabeth Fleming; James Fleming, 4th Lord Fleming and 4 others
Half sister of Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell; Janet Home; Margaret Jane Stewart; Johanna (Jonet) Stewart; James Stewart, VI, illegitimate, 1st Earl of Moray and 9 others

Managed by: Anne Brannen
Last Updated:

About Janet Stewart

Janet Stewart, Lady Fleming (17 Jul 1502 – 20 Feb 1562) served as governess to her niece, Mary, Queen of Scots.

  • Parents: Illegitimate daughter of King James IV of Scotland with Isabel Buchan, also known as Agnes Stewart, daughter of James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan.
  1. married Malcolm Fleming, 3rd Lord Fleming, even though they were related within a forbidden degree of affinity. After his death in 1547 ...
  2. In 1548, liason with King Henry II of France. Their son, Henri de Valois-Angoulême (1551–June, 1586), was "the chief and most highly favored natural son of the King". 8 children of Lord Fleming and Janet Stewart:
  3. Johanna, b. 1525.
  4. Janet, b. 1527, m. 1st, John Livingston, eldest son of Alexander, 5th Lord Livingston and brother of Mary Livingston, one of the Queen's "Four Maries."
  5. John, 5th Lord Fleming, b. 1529.
  6. Bridget, b. 1530.
  7. James, 4th Lord Fleming, b. 1534. His only daughter and heiress, Jean (1554–1609), would marry John Maitland, the younger brother of William Maitland, his sister Mary's husband. His grandson by Jean was John Maitland, 1st Earl of Lauderdale.
  8. Agnes, b. 1535, m. to William, 6th Lord Livingston.
  9. Margaret, b. 1536, m. 1st, to Robert Graham, Master of Montrose, by whom she had a son, John, 3rd Earl of Montrose; 2ndly, to Thomas Erskine, Master of Mar, younger brother of the 17th Earl of Mar, but had no issue; and 3rdly, John Stewart, 4th Earl of Atholl, high chancellor of Scotland, by whom she had three daughters and a son, John Stewart, 5th Earl of Atholl. Margaret Fleming was said to be a witch and to possess the power to cast spells.[2]
  10. Mary, b. 1543, m. 6 Jan 1567, to William Maitland of Lethington.

Janet/Jean/Joan and Henri II, Roi de France were associated in 1551.


Margaret Murray and her daughter Agnes must have been very attractive women. At an early age Agnes Stewart attracted the attention of her cousin King James IV of Scotland, and she bore him a daughter, Janet Stuart (Stewart) (1508-1563) who also seems to have inherited the family beauty, and especially the libido. …
Janet Stuart (Stewart), who was sometimes called Jannetta or Jonnetta Stuart (Stewart), was sought after matrimonially as the daughter of King James IV. She was married with a dispensation from the Pope dated 26 Feb. 1524/25 to Malcolm 3rd Lord Fleming. He fell at the battle of Pinkie, 10 Sept. 1547 in his 53rd year after having eight children by Janet Stewart. She was around 39 by then and in 1548, she was put in charge of her six-year old niece, Mary Queen of Scots (1542-1587), as her Governess. The result was one of the worst cases of Nannygate in Scottish history. ….

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Janet Stewart's Timeline

July 17, 1502
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Probably, Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Probably Kirkpatrick Fleming, Dumfriesshire, Scotland
Of Rydall Hall, Westmoreland, England
Boghall Castle, Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Boghall castle, Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland